Diploma in Basic Chinese Language Studies - | pt-BR - 745 - 50307
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  • Nota de Estudos
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    Benad M.
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    Chinese is written using chinese characters.Although there are several thousands of chinese characters,knowing a couple hundred characters will enable to begin to read street and shop signs and simple texts to read newspaper articles or books requires about 3500 characters.a well educated native speaker is l;ikely to recognize 6000+ characters. Although there are number of different writting styles,concetration is much more on introduction of the regular style,which is typical for most printed materials.

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    Each chinese character is made up of fixed number of strokes.These strokes are written in a fixed order and each stroke is drawn in a particular direction.All characters fit into an imaginary square,irrespective of the size and number of strokes.

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    Complex strokes are made up of simple strokes. the names of the simple strokes are normally added to name the complex stroke.For example shugou

    Benad M.
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    chinese chinese characters are made up of a fixed number of strokes written in a fixed order.some straitforward guidelines to help with the order of strokes includes left before right,horizontal before vertical,top to bottom,cutting strokes last,right/left diagonals before left/right diagonals,centre before sides,outside before inside,left before top/right,bottom closure last and small strokes last.

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    pictographic characters are stylized images of the object they depict.Example ri-sun,ren-man,mu-tree,yang-sheep,shan-mountain and kou-mouth.

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    pictophonetic characters consist of a pictograph which hints at ht meaning of the character and a phonetic element that indicates the character's pronunciation: example (fang,square)+(hu, door)=fang, house

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    Indicative characters represent an abstract meaning graphically example:shang-above,xia-below and san-three.

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    associative characters examples (ming):(ri,sun)+(yue,moon)=bright (an):(mian,roof)+(nu,woman)=peace. borrowed characters example (Zi,self) originally means nose the character currently used for nose is (bi).

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    Recognizing the radical can help in several ways: it can provide a clue to the character's meaning the non-radical part can provide a clue to the pronunciation of the character the radicals provide a common way of looking up characters whose pronunciation is not known

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    Examples of semantic components are (ren,person),(shou,hand),(Shui,water),(xin,heart),Chou,fire),(shi,food),(che,vehicle),(yi,clothes) and (jin,gold).

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