The skeleton forms the framework for the human body.
It is composed of individual bones.
These bones meet (are articulated with) each other at joints.
Page 3 General Functions of the Skeleton
The general functions of the skeleton are:
• Support. In general, the skeleton supports the body.
• Motion and Locomotion. Because of the joints and the attached skeletal
muscles, the parts of the body can move with respect to each other (motion). Also,
because of such linkages in the lower members, the entire body can be moved from
place to place (locomotion).
• Protection. Certain parts of the skeleton are structured to protect vital
• Hematopoiesis. The skeleton is also involved in formation of blood
• Storage. Moreover, the skeleton stores various minerals.
Page 4 Definition and Types of Bones
Bones are those individual organs that are elements of the skeletal system.
The individual bones of the skeleton can be categorized into three major groups
according to their general shapes: