Muscle strains can be avoided by taking care and using the correct lifting method.
Next to traffic accidents, falls kill more people than any other kind of accident. Most falls are not from high places but are slips or trips at floor level.
Precautions for avoiding muscle strains and falls are listed in the following slides
To avoid muscle strains, always have a firm footing before attempting to lift a heavy object. Keep your back straight; do not bend forward or sideways. Bend your knees to pick up low objects and lift with your legs, not your back
Employees should not try to carry too many items at one time or items that are too heavy for them. When carrying a heavy load, ask for help or use a cart.
Keep floors clean and dry at all times. Wipe up spills immediately. Use “slip-resistant" floor waxes and use "Caution" or "Wet Floor" signs when appropriate.
Keep Floors in Good Repair
Keep hazardous objects such as boxes, mops and brooms off floors. Replace loose or upturned floor tiles as soon as they are noticed.
Wear properly-fitting shoes with low heels and non-skid soles. Never wear worn-out shoes, thin-soled shoes, slippers, high heels, tennis shoes or sandals. The heel and toe of the shoe should be completely enclosed. Keep shoestrings tied to prevent tripping.
Walk, don't run, and use caution when going through swinging doors
Use a sturdy stepladder if it is necessary to reach high places.
Pay Attention to Doorways
Make sure that entrances and exits are clean and safe. This includes removing mud if the property is located in an area where this is a potential problem with rain. Keep floor mats or other protective devices clean and in good condition.
Keep any areas in which employees must work or walk well-lit; pay special attention to exterior areas and steps where accidents are more likely to occur.