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Module 1: Módulo 2: Desenvolvimento físico

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Desenvolvimento Físico-Resumo

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The table below shows typical height and weight for well-nourished, healthy students.

There are three other main points about average height and weight that are not evident from the previous table:

The first is that boys and girls, on average, are quite similar in height and weight during childhood, but diverge in the early teenage years, when they reach puberty.
A second point is that as children get older, individual differences in weight diverge more radically than differences in height.
The third point is that average height and weight is related somewhat to racial and ethnic background.

A universal physical development in students is puberty, which is the set of changes in early adolescence that bring about sexual maturity.

Changes during puberty include:
Internal changes in reproductive organs
Outward changes such as growth of breasts in girls and the penis in boys
Increases in height and weight

When teaching children who are experiencing puberty, teachers need to respond flexibly and supportively.

It is important to notice if a child does not keep more-or-less to the usual development of motor skills, and to arrange for special assessment or supports if appropriate.

Children are more prone to being ill than adults because:
Children’s immune systems are not as fully formed as adults'
Children at school are continually exposed to other children

The illnesses are not life threatening, but they are responsible for:
Many lost days of school for both students and teachers
Days when a student may be present physically, but functions below par while simultaneously infecting classmates.

In these ways, learning and teaching often suffer because health is suffering.