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Module 1: Módulo 6: Deficiência física e deficiência sensorial

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Deficientes físicos e visuais Sensoriais Resumo

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Some students have serious physical, medical or sensory challenges that interfere with their learning, e.g. blindness.

A child can acquire a hearing loss for a variety of reasons, ranging from disease early in childhood, to difficulties during childbirth, to reactions to toxic drugs.

A student with hearing loss may present some of the following behaviours repeatedly (Luckner & Carter, 2001):
• Delayed language or literacy skills, both written and oral
• Some ability (usually partial) to read lips
• Less worldly knowledge than usual because of lack of involvement with oral dialogue and/or delayed literacy
• Tendency to social isolation because of awkwardness in communication

Students with visual impairments have difficulty seeing even with corrective lenses. Most commonly the difficulty is related to refraction, tunnel vision or sensitivity to light in general.

Students with visual impairments often show some of the same signs as students with simple, common nearsightedness.

The three main strategies for teaching students with hearing loss are:
1. Take advantage of the student’s residual hearing.
2. Use visual cues liberally.
3. Include the student in the community of the classroom.

The three main strategies for teaching students with visual impairment are:
1. Take advantage of the student’s residual vision.
2. Use non-visual information liberally.
3. Include the student in the community of the classroom.