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Module 1: Módulo 6: Deficiência física e deficiência sensorial

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Estudantes de ensino com perda da Audiência

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In principle, adjustments in teaching students with hearing loss are relatively easy to make though they do require deliberate actions or choices by the teacher and by fellow students. Interestingly, many of the strategies are good advice for teaching all students.

The three main strategies are:
1. Take advantage of the student’s residual hearing.
2. Use visual cues liberally.
3. Include the student in the community of the classroom.

Strategy 1: Take advantage of the student’s residual hearing.
The teacher should:
• Sit the student close to him or her while talking or close to key classmates if the students are in a work group.
• Keep competing noise, such as unnecessary talking or whispering, to a minimum (because such noise is especially distracting to someone with a hearing loss).
• Keep instructions concise and to-the-point.
• Ask the student occasionally whether he or she understands what is being explained.

Strategy 2: Use visual cues liberally.
The teacher should:
• Make charts and diagrams wherever appropriate to illustrate what he is saying.
• Look directly at the student when he is speaking to him or her (to facilitate lip reading).
• Gesture and point to key words or objects but within reason, not excessively.
• Provide hand-outs or readings to the student to visually review the points that are being made

Strategy 3: Include the student in the community of the classroom.
The teacher should:
• Recruit one or more classmates to assist in ‘translating’ oral comments that the student may have missed.
• Learn a few basic, important sign language signals, e.g. ‘Hello’, ‘thank you’, ‘How are you?’.
• Teach a few basic, important signals to classmates as well.