Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a problem with sustaining attention and controlling impulses.
Classrooms are places that make heavy demands on not showing ADHD-like behaviours. Ironically, therefore, classroom life may sometimes aggravate ADHD without the teacher intending for it to do so.
Most psychologists and medical specialists agree that true ADHD, as opposed to mere intermittent distractibility or high activity, reflects a problem in how the nervous system functions, but they do not know the exact nature or causes of the problem (Rutter, 2004, 2005).
Research shows that ADHD can be reduced for many students if they take certain medications, of which the most common is methylphenidate, commonly known by the name Ritalin (Wilens, 2005; Olfson, 2003).
Strategies that a teacher can use when dealing with students with ADHD include:
1. Providing clear rules and procedures
2. Breaking down tasks into manageable chunks
3. Modelling suitable behaviour