A learning disability is a specific impairment of academic learning that interferes with a specific aspect of schoolwork and that reduces a student’s academic performance significantly.
Learning disabilities are by far the most common form of special educational need.
There are various ways to assist students with learning disabilities, depending not only on the nature of the disability, of course, but also on the concepts or theory of learning being used:
• Behaviourism and reinforcement for wrong strategies
• Metacognition and responding reflectively
• Constructivism, mentoring and the zone of proximal development