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All theorists presented plausible theories, I resonated more with McGregor.
All these theories are rational and applicable in efficient human resource management. A motivated employee is a productive employee.
Employee motivation is being stated by different theorists and according to how they see things but all boils down to the same thing motivating employees.
Motivating people is contingent upon many things and therefore there is no one size fits all.
We already known different people have different ideology, viewer, and experience as result who were creating strategies and theories depends on it. There were numerous strategies adopted by theorists that adopt this approach. These include: Abraham Maslow, Douglas McGregor, Frederick Herzberg, Elton Mayo. However, we have to choose and adopt the most suitable for our organizations and environment.
The concepts of the motivational theorists has help present day organizations to come up with ways and means to motivate their employees and guiding them in the right direction.
These motivational theorists are showing how best employers can meet the pschological and physical needs and wants of employees
Maslow, Mcgregor, Hercberg and Mayo re the motivational theorists. They established the theories to motivate employees different and all are good and needed to motivate employees.
The behavioural approach to motivation adopted the approach that the employees will be motivated if management meets their psychological needs.
There were numerous strategies adopted by theorists that adopt this approach. These include:
Maslow established a hierarchy of needs that must be met if employees are to be motivated.
The lower levels of need should be met first and management should work their way up the hierarchy in order to fully motivate employees.
The hierarchy of needs are:
Ego and self-esteem needs
Safety and security needs
McGregor adopted a theory that stated that employees were motivated according to what type of person they were - type X or type Y.
Type Y people are best motivated by encouraging them to achieve their goals and treating them as individuals.
Type X people are best motivated within a controlled environment where they are told what to do and how to do it.
Herzberg also established a motivational theory based on Maslow's theory.
He distinguished between needs that he defined as job satisfiers (higher order needs) and those he defined as job dissatisfiers (lower order needs).
Management must find the means to make jobs more enjoyable and challenging for employees in order to motivate them.
The dissatisfiers are associated with external or extrinsic needs whilst the satisfiers are associated with internal or intrinsic needs.
Mayo stated that motivating employees was associated with giving adequate attention to the employees and improving the social environment of the workplace.
Other theorists including Alderfer, Skinner and McClelland all attempted to establish how best to motivate employees in order to improve their performance level and to ensure that they stay with the organisation.
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