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Module 1: Estilos de gestão

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Quatro estilos de gerenciamento

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XSIQ
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Business Management - Four management styles

Four management styles

Elements often used to distinguish between management styles include
centralisation, orientation, motivation, decision-making, attitude and
communication. IMAGE.

There are four broad management styles that can be identified when
applying these characteristics to how certain managers go about their job.
These styles include:

* autocratic, authoritarian, dictatorial, directive, persuasive

* consultative

* participative

* democratic, laissez-faire, free-rein

A manager will adopt a specific style and use that style to carry out the
tasks and functions associated with their specific job. In some cases, the
manager may adopt what is referred to as the 'contingency or situational'
approach to their management style. This means that the manager will assess
the current situation and then, dependent upon what that situation is, they
will adopt a management style that is appropriate to that situation.

In most cases, however, the manager will display the characteristics of
one of the management styles identified above. Which management style a
manager adopts will be determined by one or a combination of the following
factors:

* Personality. The personality of the individual manager along with
the type and level of education they were exposed to, what the manager has
learned from previous managerial role models, and the extent of both the
manager's personal and professional development

* Employees. The number of employees for whom that manager has
responsibility and the skill level and motivational level of these
employees, together with the capacity of these employees to make decisions
about their work practices and procedures

* Tasks. The type of tasks that have to be performed by the manager
and the employees, the level of risk associated with the tasks, and the
timeline within which the tasks must be completed satisfactorily

* Constraints. The environmental factors which might impact on the way
that the manager might operate, both the internal and external factors
along with the normal daily constraints of time, cost and resources
associated with the specific tasks and procedures to be carried out by the
manager

* Culture. The culture of the organisation will determine to a large
extent the management style that will be exhibited by an individual
manager. Organisations tend, in the main, to employ 'like' people and,
therefore, managers will tend to exhibit similar management style except
where the organisation is based on a diversity of its personnel and
managers. The management style adopted will need to enable the organisation
to achieve its long-term objectives as set out in the vision or mission
statement.

We can now look at each management style in turn and discuss the
characteristics exhibited by each and then assess the relative strengths
and weaknesses of each management style. The management styles may be
thought of as being on a continuous line with the Autocratic on the extreme
right and the Democratic on the extreme left.

Democratic - Participative - Consultative - Autocratic

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