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Module 1: Métodos de pesquisa em psicologia

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Métodos de Investigação em Psicologia: adequação de conclusões e generalizações com base em resultados obtidos

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Psychology -> Research methods in psychology: appropriateness of conclusions and generalisations based on results obtained

Appropriateness of conclusions and generalisations based on results obtained

Conclusion

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A conclusion is a judgment about the meaning of the results in an experiment. It relates to the effect of the independent variable on the subjects involved. If a representative sample was selected, appropriate data collection methods were employed and conditions carefully controlled, then the study is most likely internally valid and appropriate conclusions can be drawn. If there is a confounding of variables in the experiment, then the conclusion may be questioned.

Generalisation

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A generalisation is a statement that has related the results of the experiment to a wider population. The statement goes beyond the current experiment and generalises to other people or settings. A generalisation can only extend as far as the population that the sample in the study has represented. This is termed external validity. At times, generalisations of the results should not be made because of specific circumstances or subjects in the experiment.