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Organizational Structure and Supply Planning – Lesson Summary

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SAP ERP
SAP ERP is an enterprise resource planning software developed by the German company SAP SE. SAP ERP incorporates the key business functions of an organization.

Organizational Structure in SAP
Any logical unit of business can be defined as an Organizational Unit. The SAP system distinguishes between the different Organizational Structures that have specific meaning within the respective applications.

SAP MM - Material Master
The Material Master is the central source of information for a material related to several application areas such as purchasing, storage, accounting, and sales based on material type. In SAP MM, Material Master data is maintained at plant level and accounting information is maintained at valuation area level.

Customer Master Data
The Customer Master Data contains information about business transactions and how transactions are recorded and executed by the system. A Master contains the information about the customers that an organization uses to do business with them.

Basic Functions of Sales Order Processing
Monitoring the status of the sales transaction
Checking for incomplete data
Checking for availability of the articles purchased
Calculating pricing and taxes
Scheduling deliveries
Creating printed or electronically transmitted documents
Material Requirement Planning
The SAP MRP(Material Requirement Planning) is used to procure or produce the required material quantities on time for in-house purpose or for fulfilling customer demands. The main objective is to plan the supply based on requirements and considering the current stock in hand and meet the shortages.

Purchase Order Processing
Purchase Order Processing is the main component of Seasonal Procurement. Purchase Order Processing contains the workbench application PO Manager, from which one can access all other applications in PO Processing such as the Order List, the Grouped Purchase Order Document, the Purchase Order, Open-to-Buy, and the Purchase Order Monitoring views.