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Module 1: Design Guidelines for Pedestrian and Cycling Facilities

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Design Guidelines for Pedestrian and Cycling Facilities – Lesson Summary

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Principles of NMT
The following are the various NMT Guiding Principles and Supportive Principles derived from a study of Indian urban conditions and global best practices of NMT design and planning.
NMT Guiding Principles: NMT Network, Complete Streets, Bicycle Friendliness, Walkability, Comfort, Universal Access, Safety, Security, Wayfinding, and Protection from Encroachment.
NMT Supporting Principles: Integrating Informal Sector, Mixed-Use, Transit Priority, Parking Management, Support Bicycle Industry and Build Cycling Culture.

Design of Pedestrian Infrastructure
Sidewalk Design is governed by the zoning system based on land use.
Sidewalk Capacity is determined using the PLOS criteria.
Seamless pedestrian travel should be provided so as to make walking attractive.
Crossings should consider the needs of the specially-abled as well.

Basic principles involved in designing the Bicycle Infrastructure:
Coherence
Directness
Safety and Security
Attractiveness
Comfort

Intersection
An Intersection is an at-grade junction where two or more roads or streets meet or cross. Intersections may be classified by a number of road segments, traffic controls, or lane design.

Types of Intersection
Roundabouts
Signalized Junction
Grade Separated
Unsignalized or Traffic Calmed