Biology - Introduction to Advanced Learning Path
The science sector continues to grow worldwide, and with this growth is an increasing demand for professionals in the science sector. Biology is one of the three main science subjects, and so it is vital that those wishing to work in the science sector have an understanding of its guiding principles. The Alison learning path in biology focuses on the main principles which govern biological processes and will help you to build a solid knowledge base on the subject. This learning path will be of interest to you if you wish to work in any science-related field; such as pharmaceuticals, the health system, and the food industry. The Alison biology learning path is a list of courses which will help you to further understand the basics of the biological field, and build on these basics with more advanced knowledge. You will learn about key elements of biology, such as cells, genes, and DNA. For example, you will be able to discuss the composition of cells and explain their division. You will also learn about the effects which DNA and genetics have upon the body, and how they impact hereditary traits.
Courses in this Learning Path
Fundamentals of Biology
Introduction to Biology is a free introductory course on the science of the living world.
These lessons teach learners of all ages about organisms, cells, nutrients (carbohydrates, proteins, vitamins and minerals) and the process of digestion.
This course is an ideal study-aid and complement to classes for second level students and is valuable to parents who wish to help their children with their studies.2-3 Hours50 Points
Introduction to Cellular Physiology
This course begins with an introduction to basic human physiology. You will learn that physiology is the study of the functions of the body at the cellular level. You will look into the levels of function and the relationship between structure and function in the human body, the effects of fundamental laws, concepts, and forces of the Universe, and the processes which distinguish living from nonliving objects. You will also study the laws of nature and the fundamentals of human biology.
You will then study cellular physiology, the major components of a typical animal cell, and the movement of materials into and out of a cell. You will look into the important functions of ATP and ADP in relation to energy, body fluids, the functions and characteristics of water, and homoeostasis. This course will also cover membrane potentials, cell growth and multiplication, epithelial cells and tissues, fibrous connective tissues, and fatty tissues.
Cell physiology is the branch of science that studies the structure and function of individual cells. Our increasing knowledge and understanding of cellular mechanisms and processes have led to great advances in all areas of biology and medicine. Upon the completion of this course, you will gain a better understanding of the structure and function of cells and the mechanisms and processes involved in cell physiology. Enrol in this course and enhance your understanding of cellular physiology today.2-3 Hours50 Points
Biology - Genes and Gene Technology
This course was sourced from OpenLearn under the Creative Commons licence conditions BY NC SA. The adapted version of the course on Alison.com is also published under the Creative Commons licence conditions BY NC SA.
It is over sixty years since the structure of DNA was first discovered by Watson and Crick. Since then work in genetics and gene technology has expanded to the point where the entire human genome has been sequenced, and there is now hope of being able to cure diseases using gene therapy. There is also on-going work in the area of modifying plant DNA to produce pest-resistant crops that give bigger harvests for more food. Today, people need a thorough knowledge and understanding of genetics and gene therapy so that they can make up their own minds as to the potential benefits and drawbacks of what this field of science can offer us.
In this free online course you will discover what genes do and explore and come to understand reference terms such as meiosis and mitosis. The course also covers evolutionary aspects of DNA and the genome. You will also learn about gene technology which includes gene testing, gene therapy and the controversial area of genetic modification in plants.
This course will be of great interest to professionals working in the areas of biology, medicine and development, to learners who would like a career in the areas of genetics and gene technology, and to anyone interested in understanding the basic area of science that underpins all living existence.2-3 Hours50 Points
Biology - Cell Division
Cell division and replication are fundamental biological processes that occur in all organisms.
This course about cell division will explain the complex processes of cell division in detail. You will learn about mitosis and meiosis and the phases that occur in each of these processes. You will learn that in the early stages of development embryonic cells can generate all cell types in the body. You will also look at how cells divide and replicate allowing us grow and repair body tissues, and if damage occurs, how some cells can replicate faster than surrounding cells to form tumours.
This course will be of great interest to all students who wish to pursue a career in the sciences, medicine, pharmacy, nursing, biology or biodiversity or the individual learner who simply wants to learn more about mitosis, meiosis and their role in cell division and replication.1-2 Hour50 Points
Biology - Evolution, Natural Selection and DNA
Evolution is a process of gradual change that takes place over many generations. During this time, species of animals, plants, or insects slowly change some of their physical characteristics. This course will start with an introduction to evolution and natural selection. You will learn about Darwin's idea of evolution by natural selection which involves variation, differential reproduction, and heredity. You will also look into the natural selection and the owl butterfly to give you a better understanding of the concept.
DNA, or deoxyribonucleic acid, is the basic unit of heredity or the hereditary material in humans and almost all other organisms. Nearly every cell in a person's body has the same DNA. This course will discuss how the DNA codes all of our genetic information. You will also study the variation in a species and look into chromosomes, chromatids, and chromatin. You will learn that chromosomes are single-stranded groupings of condensed chromatin, and a chromatid is one-half of two identical copies of a replicated chromosome.
In evolution, the success of a species can depend on changes to just one allele on one gene in one chromosome. By the end of this course, you will learn about the naturally occurring variation within species and how mutations and reproduction continue this process. You will also learn how DNA copies itself and turns into the proteins that make up all living organisms. Check out this course and learn more about how and why there is such diversity among plants and animals today.2-3 Hours50 Points
Biology - Heredity
Gregor Mendel is the founder of the science of genetics and is known as the father of genetics. He identified many of the rules of heredity which determine how traits are passed through generations of living things, and that traits could skip a generation. This course will introduce you to Gregor Mendel and his works on heredity. You will also explore every different combination of all the genes using the Punnett square.
The Hardy–Weinberg Equilibrium (HWE) states that allele and genotype frequencies in a population will not change from generation to generation where there is an absence of other evolutionary influences or disturbing factors. This course will discuss the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium and give you examples to understand the principle better. You will also study sex-linked traits, which is an important category of genetic linkage that has to do with the X and Y sex chromosomes.
Heredity is the genetic transmission of characteristics from parent to offspring. By the end of this course, you will have learned how some of these characteristics can have a physical manifestation like hair color or color blindness, why some traits are passed on while others skip generations, and why some traits form part of our physical makeup while others are carried but never physically expressed. So, check out the course today and start learning all this and more!1-2 Hour50 Points
Advanced Biology 1
This online biology course will give you an introduction to cell theory and cell survival. It will discuss the main activities and principles of cells, as well as the main types of cells, particularly prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. It will also give an introduction to cellular respiration and cover topics such as aerobic respiration, anaerobic respiration, and the ADP/ATP system. The course will also cover the molecules that are found in cells, such as lipids, proteins, carbohydrates, and nucleic acids.
Next, you will study the structure and functions of enzymes, the inorganic materials such as minerals and carbon dioxide, the structure and function of membranes, and the cell life cycle. The course will also cover the basal metabolic rate, homeostasis, photosynthesis, diseases caused by worm, fungi, arthropods, and other pathogens, the transmission of pathogens and parasites in animals and plants, the nervous system, plant hormones and their actions, experimental methods and design, and more.
Did you know that the largest cells found in nature are ostrich eggs? If you want to learn more about cell biology, this free online Advanced Biology course is perfect for you. It is particularly suitable for any student of biology at the second level, or anyone who wants to gain more knowledge and understanding of the biological world around us. So, have a look at the course and start learning about the amazing structural and functional unit of every living organism in the world.2-3 Hours50 Points
Advanced Biology 2
Natural selection is the process by which species adapt to their environment. This course will first discuss natural selection and cover topics such as genetic variation, mutations, and selection pressures. You will look into evolution, fossil record, biogeography and geographical distribution, comparative anatomy and embryology, DNA hybridization, and fossilization. You will then study the different patterns of evolution including convergent evolution, parallel evolution, and gradualism. You will also look into relative dating and population genetics.
Pedigree is a register recording a line of ancestors. This course will discuss pedigrees and the inheritance of autosomal and X-linked characteristics. It will also discuss inheritance and selective breeding, genetic inheritance, genotyping, and phenotyping. You will then look into Mendel's work, his first and second laws, and the inheritance at one gene locus. You will also learn how the genotype of an organism can be worked out, look into the tools and techniques of biotechnologists, and more.
The study of biology is essential to everyday life as it allows humans to better understand their bodies, resources, and potential threats to their environment. Upon the completion of this Advanced Biology course, you will have gained a better understanding of important aspects of biology including mutations, gene expression, gene mapping, and gene technology. You will also have learned about the social, moral, and scientific implications of gene technology. So, check out the course and learn something interesting, today.2-3 Hours50 Points