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Module 1: Requirements of an Occupational Health and Safety Management System (OH&SMS)

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The main points from this module are as follows:

An organization's policy should include a commitment to providing a safe and healthy working environment and a commitment towards continual improvement of its occupational health and safety management system (OH&SMS).
Management must identify all "interested parties" in the system, together with employees. Interacting with the organization’s workers, contractual partners and shareholders is an important part of maintaining a list of all interested parties. If a business has a high accident rate, insurance premiums will rise. Insurers are therefore an "interested party".
The competence of an organization’s workforce is an internal issue and is relevant to effective health and safety management.
External factors are outside an organization's direct control. However, they influence an organization’s business and operations and consequently its OH&SMS.
The latest discoveries and research into contemporary illness in the workplace highlights: recurring stress, strains and depression (mental health). It finds that legislation must be upgraded and business contexts need to be fully documented, if organizations are to truly alter their health and safety systems to function effectively. 
'Scope' refers to the boundaries and applicability of an organization's OH&SMS.
Management must take into account the "diversity" of its interested parties, when formulating its health and safety communications strategy. Diversity, according to the ISO 45001:2018 standard includes: Gender, Language, Culture, Literacy and Disability.