Terms Associated with Fixtures and Faucets
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A faucet with an outlet at a downward angle generally used for hose connections on the outside of a building.
A mixture of fireclay, quartz, feldspar, and silica that is heated to 2,600°F (1,426°C) to create a nonporous, glass-like finish. Also referred to as vitrified porcelain.
A device that redirects the flow of water, as in a combination shower and bath fitting. When the diverter is engaged, water flows through the showerhead instead of through the spigot.
Spun filaments of glass woven into yarn or roving (twisted) strands and textile materials such as cloth or mats. Fiberglass cloth saturated with plastic (vinyl resin or epoxy) can be pressed into molds to make products such as bathtubs and shower enclosures.
A rim on one end of a length of pipe that provides a connection point to another length of pipe or piece of equipment, such as a water closet. Bolts or studs with nuts are used to hold two flanges together, with some type of gasket between them. The flange is soldered of solvent-welded to the drainpipe stub to connect the fixture to the drain, waste, and vent system.
The edge of the receptor or fixture at which water overflows.
A device which discharges a predetermined quantity of water to fixtures for flushing purposes and is closed by direct water pressure or other mechanical means. Also referred to as flushometer valve.
A device located at the bottom of a tank for flushing water closets and similar fixtures.
A liquid used to coat materials such as steel and cast iron to create a vitrified porcelain, or china finish.
A bathtub that has the drain on the right end of the tub as you face its length.
A disc that fits at the end of the valve stem and is used to regulate the flow of water through a faucet.
A fixed tub, usually installed in the laundry room or utility area of homes. It is used for washing clothes and for receiving wastewater from automatic clothes washers.
A basin designed for installation in bathrooms and other locations, primarily for washing the hands and face.
A bathtub that has the drain on the left end of the tub as you face its length.
A type of floor surface (commonly used for showers and other plumbing fixtures) made by embedding small pieces of marble or other hard stone in a mortar base. When hardened, the surface is ground and polish smooth, although it may be left slightly rough to create a non-slip surface.
An opening in a faucet through which the water flows. When the handle is turned to open the faucet, the valve stem raises the seat washer up and clears the opening for water to flow.
The part of a faucet that rises and lowers when the handle is turned; it opens or closes the faucet outlet.
A pipe, or pipes, installed to provide a flow of air to or from a drainage system, or to provide a circulation of air within such a system to protect trap seals from siphonage and back pressure. Also referred to as vent system.
A pipe which carries only wastes.