Different types of roofs are used in residential construction. Besides knowing how to lay out and frame a roof, carpenters working in the construction trade should know the basic difference between the various types.
Carpenters involved with building roofs will either be using stick-built framing methods (where the frame is constructed on site) or truss-built construction methods (where the roof is assembled off site).
In both the cases, the main components of a roof will remain the same: ridge boards, rafters, and ceiling joists.
In order to build roofs, it is important to determine the quantities of materials required for the job. One such essential requirement is to determine the length of a roof's rafters. Following the step-by-step procedure to determine the length, and using appropriate tools such as speed squares and rafter framing squares will enable a carpenter to accomplish the task accurately.
Other types of construction that a carpenter may be involved with regard to roof framing are as follows:
• Installation of sheathing
• Construction and installation of trusses
• Plank-and-beam, and metal roof framing