Some Power Tools Used by Carpenters
1. Power Saws:
Power saws, especially the circular saws, are among a carpenter’s most commonly used tools. There are several types of power saws a carpenter might use on a job site, including the following:
a) Circular saws
b) Portable table saws
c) Power miter saws/compound miter saws
d) Frame and trim saws
e) Abrasive saws
Power Tools: Power Saws
Click on each of the Power Saws to find out more:
Circular saws are versatile, portable saws used to perform the following tasks:
• Ripping (rip cut)
• Crosscutting (crosscut)
• Pocket (plunge) cuts
• Bevel cuts
Portable Table Saws
Portable table saws are used on job sites to do the following sawing and related wood working tasks:
• Rabbeting (making rabbet cuts)
• Dadoing (making dados)
• Cutting molding
Power Miter Saws
Power/Compound miter saws combine a miter box or table with a circular saw, allowing it to make straight and miter cuts. The saw blade pivots horizontally from the rear of the table and locks in position to cut angles from 0 to 45 degrees, right and left.
Frame and Trim Saws
Frame and trim saws commonly called sawbuck ™ saws or sliding compound miter saws, combine the features of a radial arm saw and a power compound miter saw.
The table rotates with the track arm, and the saw head can be adjusted to make crosscuts, straight miter cuts, bevel cuts, and compound miter cuts.
Abrasive saws use a special wheel that can slice through either metal or masonry. The most common types of abrasive saws are the demolition saw and the chop saw.
The main difference between the two is that the demolition saw is not mounted on a base.
• Cuts through most materials found at a construction site
• A potentially hazardous tool
• Requires the full attention and concentration of the operator
• A versatile and accurate tool
• A lightweight, portable circular saw mounted on a spring-loaded arm that pivots and is supported by a metal base
2. Power Saw Blades:
There are a wide variety of saw blades available for use with circular, table, power miter, and similar saws. Each blade is designed to make an optimum cut in a different type and/or density of material.
2. Power Saw Blades (continued):
Some types of circular saw blades widely used for woodworking include the following:
• Master combination blade (48 to 60 teeth)
• Chisel-tooth combination blade (24 to 30 teeth)
• Combination rip blade (36 to 44 teeth)
• Carbide-tipped blade
• Hollow-ground plane (miter) blade (48 to 60 teeth)
3. Drill Press:
Drill presses are versatile tools used for various tasks, including:
• Cutting holes with a hole saw
4. Routers/Laminate Trimmers:
A standard power router is a portable tool used to cut joints and patterns in wood. It has a high-speed motor that allows the tool to make clean, smooth cuts.
5. Portable Power Planes:
Portable power planes are excellent for fitting trim and framing members that have been nailed together. They are commonly used for the following tasks:
• Straightening material
• Edge planning
6. Power Metal Shears:
Power metal shears are used to make burr-free cuts in sheet metal, metal strips, special lightweight materials, and metal studs.
They can cut straight lines, tight right and left curves, and round, square, and irregularly shaped holes.
7. Pneumatic/Cordless Nailers and Staplers:
Pneumatic nailers and staplers are fastening tools powered by compressed air, which is fed to the tool through an air hose connected to an air compressor.
These tools, known as guns, are widely used for quick and efficient fastening of framing, subflooring, sheathing, etc.