Health and Human Development - Factors that affect food selection: family
The women's movement of the 1970s brought about significant changes in the
For the first time, women had reliable contraceptives, so family size
decreased, women stayed on in the workforce after marriage and others
returned to work, leaving children to be cared for by professional
childcarers. This gave families more opportunity to eat out, as family size
was small, less time was available for meal preparation, women had less
energy after putting in a day's work and there was generally more money
available to be spent on food with two incomes in the family. Dual-income
families often have less time for preparation of food and more disposable
money that can be spent on food. Thus pre-packed, partly prepared foods and
ready-cooked meals are used more frequently than in past years.
Not all women returned to work and not all families were dual income, but
the social changes that provided the growth in the fast food industry came
to stay and were available for everyone.
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