Loading
Notes d'étude
Study Reminders
Support
Text Version

Gothic Plot and Imperial Gothic

Set your study reminders

We will email you at these times to remind you to study.
  • Monday

    -

    7am

    +

    Tuesday

    -

    7am

    +

    Wednesday

    -

    7am

    +

    Thursday

    -

    7am

    +

    Friday

    -

    7am

    +

    Saturday

    -

    7am

    +

    Sunday

    -

    7am

    +

Video 1: Jane Eyre: Reception and Genre
Hello and welcome to week six lectures on Jane Eyre and today's session. I'm going to continue the plot of the novel and also discuss the concept of Imperial Gothic in relation to Janet. Jane is, uh, taken in by keep watching later, the scholars are her cousins. One of them is Saint Joan, a principal clergyman. He gives her a job and to me, proposes marriage suggesting that she joined him as a missionary in India. Jane, initially he agrees to leave the tent, but not as his wife. So I'm continuing from, uh, the, uh, lot. That we left off in the previous session. Uh, if you remember, we, uh, saw how Jane, uh, leaves on field hall because she realizes that, uh, Rochester is alter the merit, uh, too, but the Mason, and when he encourages her to elope with him to France, She refuses and quit I'm Thornfield hall. And she wanders around almost destitute and, uh, her statement, it's not much different from that of beggar at that point in the novel. And she is taking it and by, um, uh, relatives and she, uh, gets a job, uh, with them and. One of them. Who's called Saint John is a clergyman and he offers marriage and, um, traveled to India to, uh, carry out missionary work in the colony. Jane agrees to, uh, leave for India, but not as his wife, however st. John precious. Her to reconsider his proposal and a wavering gene finally appeals to heaven to show her what to do, do just then she hears a mesmeric call call from Rochester. Jane returns to tone field defined the estate bond set on fire by Rochester's wife, who then jumped to her death Rochester. So in an attempt to save her with blinded. Ray. And I did Jane and brought you still Mary roster stead later regained some of his side and the couple have us son when st. Joan is, um, giving her, uh, for the encouragement to reconsider his marriage proposal. Jean is at a loss as to what is the right thing to do. Uh, she appeals to heaven and in that. Kind of telepathic communication. She, uh, he was from Rochester who begs her to, uh, Rick tonne placing a lot of faith in that. Um, Cool in that mesmeric allopathic, Paul, uh, Jane returns to one field defined it burnt down. Uh, she is, um, told that it was set on fire by Bertha Mason, who also jumped to her death. She sort of flings herself from the top of the mansion and Rochester. Um, who was injured while she was attempting to save her, uh, in fact, broth still loses his sight in that accident. And, um, soon after, uh, Jane and brought just a reconcile, they get married and they live in a fun Dean, which is a much the smaller, uh, house, um, close to it's own field hog. Uh, They also are told that wrote the stuff later, regain some of his eyesight and that the couple have a son. The book was originally published in three volumes as Jane Eyre and autobiography with Kara bell listed as the editor, the little bit section of the novel, it was widely believed to be inspired by childhood Bronte's own life. And the work was an immediate success. Um, three interesting things, uh, with regards to, uh, the reception of this novel, firstly, uh, it was published as an autobiography. It was claimed to be, uh, a fact right than fiction. Secondly, um, As we have discussed in the previous lecture, the, um, know that the lower section of the novel was inspired was drawn on, uh, the experience. This is the Charlotte Bronte hat in the clergy mins, but the school and the work was a best seller. It immediately appealed to the reading help, like, uh, The autobiography is, uh, interesting. A way to describe this novel, uh, B are also reminded of the fact that, um, much of the Gothic fiction, uh, are also, uh, offered as a real life experiences, which are. Written down by an editor, uh, or by a person who was recording that particular life and offering it to the public as a cautionary tale. Um, so in that fashion, we have, uh, Jane Eyre, uh, also to, uh, the British reading public as the collection of, um, The life experiences of, of woman called Jane Eyre. Um, and Kara bell being out referred to us as the editor is very interesting because, um, that kind of editorial work is also performed in relation to both the fiction where the editor collects. All these narratives and packages it in an appropriate format and offers it to, um, the world to be red and, um, to be cautioned. So that's the case, but, um, Gothic fiction usually, uh, in, in this case, Jane Eyre, Carvel becomes an editor who chooses. The experiences of Jane Eyre and gives it to the reading public so that they can learn from that law. If, um, so it's an interesting concept that seems to be a contradiction in the title, um, in relation to, um, the accent of the figure. If Janet is an autobiography, Uh, Dan, the author of that autobiography should be Jane Eyre. Um, however that reference, so the audit is suppressed instead we haven't editor called bell to the editor is not necessarily, um, the author, uh, of course Kara bell, um, could be the pseudonym of Jane Eyre, but. Doc a reference to, to the author is, um, shielded here, uh, for, um, cultural reasons that, uh, writing. It's not a respectable position for a middle class women and challenged Bronte along with her sisters use pseudonyms, um, when they publish their work, uh, Bothering hides was written by, um, Ellis bell, uh, whom they know to be, uh, Emily Bronte and, uh, and, uh, Bronte wrote under the new, uh, suited him acting bill. So there is a ledge CUNA or a deliberate attempt at confusion with regard to be referenced to the author. So that is an interesting, uh, uh, aspect and it connects with, uh, the previous, um, novel that we have, uh, read, uh, for this course, but just, um, Frankenstein, where once again, we do not have the name of the author mentioned on the title page. Janet Harris appeal was partly due to the fact that it was written in the first person and often address the reader creating great immediacy. In addition, Jane is an unconventional Huron and independent self reliant woman who overcomes both adversity and societal norms. One of the reasons that, uh, Janay was a big hit. With the readers is, um, due to the fact that it is written in the first person narrative and the writer. It addresses the reader. Okay. Several times over the course of the novel, that's creating a bond with the reader. There's also a great sense of immediacy. The reader is invited to look closely into the life of. Jane Eyre father, uh, Jean heir was a success with the reading pub, like also because, uh, she was an extraordinary heroine in the sense that she was from the ordinary walks of life. She was from the middle class. She was a plain heroin. Uh, she was not. A great beauty. She was very small and very plain. In fact, this was a emphasized to a great extent in the novel and she was independent and very proud of her context. Um, she was also, um, resourceful. She relied on her, her personal courage. And resilience to overcome very difficult circumstances and the regulations of society that usually bound women to their place. The novel also notably blended diverse Jonas Jane's choice between sexual need. An ethical duty belongs very firmly to the mode of moral realism. How are her clothes escaped from a bigamous marriage? And the fairy death of Beretta, a part of the Gothic tradition, Jane Eyre faults within several subcategories of the novel one can argue that this novel belongs to moral realism because Jane is given that difficult choice of whether to follow her sexual need the desire to be with one sister. Or to do the right thing to do her duty, be ethical by refusing to live in sin and code by running away with Rochester and, uh, leading a life in, uh, France as man and wife. The novel can also very firmly be anchored in the Gothic tradition because. We have the potential bigamous plot in terms of Rochester, Rochester older than married to Bertha Mason. But he's also about Mary Jane Eyre to whom he suppresses his previous March. We older have the very Wyland depth of Bertha. Who is killed during that fire accident that she causes in pawn field hall. So these elements anchor this novel very, very strongly within the Gothic tradition.

Video 2: Imperial Gothic
Now let's discuss the idea of Imperial Gothic, Imperial Gothic elements include wild remote, and often desolate landscapes, a well notable heroine. With mice, I feel and manipulation often by alleged hermit or marginal family members and an array of the supernatural in dispersing, the plot with ghost drains and he voices, there's also a perceivable threat of the other as in stark opposition to the West. These information pertains to the attributes of The Imperial got thick. One can very clearly see that the attributes belong to the generally understood notion of the Gothic mode as well. Well, the Imperial got thick and the, um, got thick, include wild remote desolate, uh, settings, uh, persecuted heroine referenced to the supernatural, but. In the Imperial got thick very specifically, there is a threat of the other. There is a threat from the foreign. Um, there is a threat to the home, to the West, to, uh, Britain, um, from the exotic, strange, unknown, foreign other, so that element of the other. Which comes in relation to usually British colonies creates this, uh, category of the Imperial Gothic. We do have the other from the colony engineer in relation to Bertha Mason. And we also have eerie sounds again, in the context of the Mason. Uh, the sounds, which the secure route, which threatened, uh, Jane Eyre, when she is, um, staying in the mansion in Jane Eyre, uh, dark mahogany furniture and Crimson decorations, take precedent, adding another layer to the hunting qualities of the story, as it echoes the colonial death and destruction that made this internship possible. There is, um, the suggestion thought the masons stands in for the destroyed colony. Uh, the rich furniture that litters that decorates a cornfield hall comes from the plunder of a colony, uh, and that kind of context. Gives edification to the notion of Imperial got thick dark furniture and the Crimson, um, furnishings, decorations emphasize the haunting element of the story. It also simultaneously reinforces very subtly the nature of. Destruction suffered by a colony at the hands of colonial masters. So one can see how Jane Eyre is connected to this particular team. Not back off Imperial Gothic, when one study the character of Bertha Mason and the source of wealth that. Finishes the interiors of Don field hall. Jane Ayres Vermont's with mr. Rochester begins on a gloomy English night when she glances upon his dark stone phrase for the first time, Rochester seems unreachable and distant despite his initial intimacy with Jane. So. What I'm trying to do in the section of this lecture is to pick up on the Gothic moments, the Gothic moments, which, uh, underlying this novel, as well as the Gothic moments, which connected to the notion of the Imperial God thick. Jane meets mr. Rochester on a very dark, um, Cold night. And when also sees her, he assess things of her as a spirit, uh, as a, as a supernatural being fortunately for our sister, she comes to his aid when his fault and slips. And that moment is, is a dark threatening moment in the novel and late wrong. Jane realizes that what sister is the master of Dunfield hall, a place where she is going to work as a governess though, Jane expedience is friending us initially with Rochester. She sends us a drawing, a strangeness and estrangement from him very soon. So that point of affections. Um, creates the Cecil of emotions that Jane finds very hard to come to terms with. And one is led to believe that he is amount of mystery. There are things hidden in his life and that temperamental nature of Rochester is also a Gothic subtext. It's very hard to trust him. And at the same time not come within. Um, his charm Rochester is very, very charming. He has an exaggerated way of speaking. He cracks jokes. He tries to be on equal footing. So these are some of the aspects that create an element of indeterminacy and uncertainty. That keeps Jane of her most of the time at field hall, mrs. Fairfax welcomes Jane into Rochester's mansion and she's immediately taken away back by the wildness and remoteness of Thornfield Jane's innocent character feels out of place at this Manor home. As she also immediately feels threatened by her etc. Things in the dark, mysterious and alignment. What is emphasized at this point here is that pawn field hall is very remote, very wild, and it's just dark and mysterious. So this setting is a classic, got the setting we have seen in the previous lectures on this got thick trope that remoteness. Is an important element of the God thing. So by being remote, this setting, this domestic car up, this particular castle, like mansion is far away from the civilizational aspects of society. And we're also led to believe that Pam's Jane's innocence. Jane's uh, personal, um, if D is a threat within this isolate too, it much removed a hole and the element of mystery is also a hook for the reader to keep reading. So the Gothic thrill is also encoded at the very beginning of the novel. The reader are encouraged to read. For a solution to read for greater clarity into the nature of the master Rochester. Is he an evil man or is he a man who would marry Jane? So that question, that totaling question is what keeps the reader reading further, the setting and. The nature of the master takes this novel closer to the Gothic mood acid. Very unsure whether he is going to be a willing who will hire us Jane or one who would rescue her from the clutches of an evil willing. Jane's initial entrance into Rochester's mansion, emphasizes the darkness of the MPV got big as it's instilled fear in the female protagonist and puts an omnibus and other in reference to the colonial Gothic, perceived danger of savages and anything. Yeah, non British, dangerous into her life, which in turn, twist her own narrative throughout the novel. He'll be fine. The initial spark of Imperial Gothic romance, which would the injection of rosters just own dark pod will threaten Jane's British goodness and purity. There are several ways to make sense of this particular critique. There are also different ways to kind of read meanings. Into the novel in relation to this particular fatigue, this novel has an aura of the Imperial got thick undoubtedly, and that comes through the figure of Bertha Mason. One can also see pawn hall itself as an other, a strange space into which. The homely, innocent Jane Eyre and does at her own peril and from which she is safely and securely removed, and everything is resolved ultimately for the benefit of Jane and her beloved. And the hole is destroyed. That's one way of looking at the novel further one can look at the novel as. Offering a space for cornfield hall as a symbolic colony, where savages such as butter amazing live. And when Jane enters that strange, bizarre space, she comes within contact of that fabric who is potential. Who's potentially going to harm Jane Eyre. So what is clear to us is that the home space and the other speciality comes in conflict within the whole called cone, feel Rochester by his association with Bertha Mason. Gets elements of the Savage into his own personality. And he in dangerous Janes, British goodness and purity, by trying to seek an Alliance with Jane White is already marriage to the other. So one can very clearly see the different. How many dicks, one can illicit, by the way, we are intersecting, not at those and the thematic implications. What is very clear to us is dark. The other becomes threatening. The other becomes ominous and by close associations with the other. The figure who belongs to whom also gets stained in some fashion and becomes a threat to the home, just marriage too. But the Mason is an instance of the Imperial Gothic it's gone bad so that Vermont's okay. Have to be cut off and eliminated before Rochester could be recovered by the home. And Jane becomes an instrument of recovery. Her goodness, her purity rescues Roger Stone from his evil destructive path. And. Brings him back home to office a lot us and, and convert him to the good side. So these are some of the implications that one can read into the relationship between Rochester, but, uh, in Jane Eyre, it is in this context that. It seems appropriate for conflict fall to burn down on field hall that became and enriched with colonial plunder pawn field, which had in a strange way, a colonial woman as its mistress burns down, just throwing both the mistress and the wealth of the hall seems to be the perfect solution. For the novel in order to reject the figure. Okay. The colonial woman with her absence, nothing is problematic to bring in Jane Eyre, the home girl. The woman from the middle class to occupy the space, which was emptied by the colonial man, woman Bertha Mason. Now to the case before Bronte published Janet in 1847, the tales of William Burke and William Hare, obviously crept over Britain. At the same time, the Gothic Shanna was gaining popularity with an audience that could not get enough of these truly content stories. So what I am trying to say, just, uh, by this detail is dark, the boys, a market for Gothic narratives, um, both intersection and from real life. So who are these characters? William Burke and William Hare. And why were they popular? The duo and hair grave for up churches in the United Kingdom for copses. They dug up bodies and sold them on the black market as cadavers for medical students, which in turn created the demand for iron bars over site. During a time in the United Kingdom of chilling murder stories and grape robberies. It's no wonder that novel suggestion, a gained popularity as a means to can way got the imperialism and the lingering other. So these two figures, Burke and Hare, but gray rubber is a resource similar references when we read, um, Mary Shelley's Frankenstein. Uh, we noted how grapes they're roped and how that connected with, um, creation of the monster by, um, Frankenstein. What is interesting to us, uh, in these contexts is the fact that, uh, while cadavers were useful, black market objects, Stories about them was also were very popular among the readers. Anything got anything out of the ordinary? Anything thrilling, anything threatening, anything dark had, uh, a market in the publishing Scenario. And at that time, Jane Eyre was published and it exploited that eagerness for dark material, which were consumed by the audience reading audience and Jean heir was not just any simple, bizarre Nardo that fit. The need for dark stories among the readers Jane, it was used to convey the very important concept of God in here. Awesome. And it was useful to invest. The creation of a set of attributes about the other. It was useful to create in the culture, in the British market, in the British mind, a set of attributes about the other, the foreign, the strange and the bizarre thank you for watching. I'll continue the next session.