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Gothic Terror, Fantasy and Violence

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Video 1:Wuthering Heights: Landscape and Terror
Hello and welcome to week five's, uh, lectures on, uh, fathering Heights, uh, in today's lecture. I'm going to talk about the nature of Gothic Tara. Fantasy and Wildlands N Emily Bronte novel. Let's start with, uh, Emily Bronte life, uh, in her home. Uh, how would hard snitch Emily Bronte lift, not in a mythical more or less fast, no spot in a rapidly industrializing world. How would look down on a small Yorkshire Milltown and backed into the Morris. This is the view held by professor John Bowman, and he is concentrating on a particular myth, which is about the Moore's, um, in which Emily Bronte grew up. Um, What he is trying to argue here is that, uh, there, isn't a kind of a mythical prominence to the world in which Emily granted lift the reality of Emily Brown taste childhood. Um, and yeah, fruit is a place which was developing in a rapid pace. Hey, is it is an industrial world. Yorkshire was a mill town and the mill town was adjacent to the Morse. So you had Madonna on the one hand and these, um, uh, whilst landscape of, uh, of course. So there is a wild, natural beauty on the one hand and, uh, the world of mills and factories on the other. This point made by the Caribbean. Sick also suggests to ask that how would pass the nudge was at a kind of a crossroads, a symbolic crossroads, where it looked at a book sides of the world, the world world of wild, um, Elemental beauty. And, um, the man had world which was full of, uh, progress and industrial development, the bleakly beautiful West Yorkshire Morris, and help to define in important ways, uh, how readers and critics have interpreted buffering Heights as a strange. And why the book about a remote and unfamiliar landscape. This particular, uh, critical perspective, uh, exemplifies the ways in which, uh, the novel has been interpreted by countless, uh, readers, rebuilds and predicts, perceive, uh, bothering Heights as a unique book. Very strange, bizarre wild walk. And it is very interesting to see how. The epithets that one would use with a landscape, especially the landscape of your auction. Morris is transferred to this novel buttering. Huh? It's one can talk about a strange and wild landscape, but, uh, In the context of furthering Heights, the same descriptive terms of strangeness and wildness is, uh, used to illustrate, uh, this novel. So, uh, the risks that kind of a parallel between the book and the land from which it emerged. And I would once again, want to, to direct your attention. Yes. Do the words strange and wild and remote and unfamiliar. And. Make a connection between these, uh, adjectives and the idea of the God-like, um, a concept that we have been discussing, um, and which, which kind of sent us on ideas of the bizarre, strange and something, which is not within normal bounds. So you can see how this book has all three. Gravitate to two words, uh, the God thick. Um, yeah, it's important. Yeah. To remember that Howard was a modern working town with several mills and a good deal of industrial unrest, all those. So it might have seemed distant from LA John didn't. It was not so far from Manchester, the shock city of the age and the bustling. Metropol is of Leeds John bobbin here. Uh, once again, reminds us that in addition to the remote and unfamiliar landscape, which immediately comes to our mind, how, what was also a modern working time. That a lot of males and just real agitation, uh, going on, um, you can see how connected it was, uh, to Manchester and Leeds. It wasn't very far from these places, uh, which wa, which we're seeing a lot of industrial, uh, rapid industrial, uh, growth and, and, uh, increasing population. So, uh, how do we connect this with this? Uh, book Wuthering Heights. We don't see, uh, any major, uh, reference to, uh, the bustling, um, industrialization, um, that was impacting on the lives of the people involved in this, uh, novel. Yet there is, uh, a thematic symbolic concept, which one can connect. Um, From this book to the industrial world and vice versa, which is the ambition and the drive off a heat class, uh, under that romantic rage under that passion of heat live, uh, is Hayden, uh, the drive to, uh, Agglomerate to the drive to actually relate on the part of heatless, uh, especially when he comes back after his travels and starts his revenge on the people who have wronged him, um, in, in, um, the Heights, uh, in Wuthering Heights, as well as in, uh, thrash, cross Grange. So, um, there is, uh, Parallel between the ideas, uh, within, uh, muttering Heights and, uh, the concept which drives industrial, I say, which is breed and act simulation. It was part of a world in rapid motion that witnessed the dramatic mid, like Tory and transformation of nature and work in both town and country. Changes Pavlo by the railways for which brand, the Bronte work and by the mills that surrounded them. So, uh, John bobbin, again, uh, writes about the transformation, uh, that went through great Britain, uh, The transformation, uh, had an impact in both the villages as well as in towns. And one of the key, uh, transformation was, uh, embodied in the figure of the railways. Keeping in mind, all these concepts about, uh, industrialized station, uh, the location of how, what parsonage and the option more. Let's now turn to the novel. What watering hearts and look at the nature of terror, uh, exemplified in this novel furthering Heights creates a ward of passionate intensities in which particular events are burned on the characters and breeders memories beyond reason mashup or reserve Tara stops. The book and defines so many of its central relationships concerned at, as it is with the ecstatic eatery and mad from the nature of the rhetoric. You can understand, uh, the intensity of this novel. It is a passionate novel, Kathy. And. He cliff embodied that passion to the extreme and some of the events in the novel suggests, um, the ghost of Kathy, the tiny ghost of Kathy trying to get into, uh, watering Heights. The house is it's very, very powerful and pregnant too. Some scenes in the novels stay in the minds of the readers. And these are scenes of a lot of intensity and you can see how there is an there's a subtext of terror. And that Tennessee seemed to kind of stock, uh, the character in the novel and the central relationship. Uh, he cliff and Kathy's relationship is full of passion, but there is also an undercurrent of violence and intense emotions such as jealousy and revenge. And I can see that madness, the associated ideas of extreme emotion, such as madness, um, stocks, many of the characters behavior in this particular novel. The book plays with depth, coats, depth stages, step all. When he breaks through the side of Catherine's coffin or hands, his wife, Isabelle dog, from a hope in the garden. This idea of debt is, um, almost Omnipod. Yes. And, uh, in this, uh, normal, terrible does are treated brutally and. That is also a, kind of a current phenomenon in this, uh, um, novel, uh, captain, especially, uh, when she dies. Uh, you can see how, uh, he finds it very, very difficult to let her go and how he tries to get into her grave by breaking the site of Catherine's coffin. So these are some of the moments in the novel. Stay in the minds of the readers. The other example that on the slide is, uh, is, uh, to Isabella's dog, which he cliff killed. Um, so you can see it. Weiland is ever present in this novel, um, alongside this much celebrated, uh, uh, romance between, uh, I would like to put that word, uh, within colds, the romance between Catherine and Heath cliff. The book is fascinated by what lies at the limit of the human and as haunted by the forces of death and the diabolical. But compulsive modes of behavior, but in fact time, and sublimely powerful emotions by the force of irresistible will and by the terrible consequences done to human beings, but radical evil, this book is full of animal spirits goes, and those like him cliff about whom we can never be sure. The entire set of ideas on the slide can be used to exemplify talk about the character of a hero. He is diabolical. He is evil. He is jealous his path and, uh, he wants to, um, on the people who brutalize him, uh, when he was young. And you also wants to get advantage on Catherine because she married his Linton instead of him. So the whole book is a series of Wyland acts committed by a heat class on the people who have wronged him. And you can see that, uh, he, cliff is important by the notion of. Powerful emotions, what he feels is not, um, you know, the usual emotion it's always in the extreme at the time he spends with Kathy, the joy he experiences with Kathy when they run about on the Morris is his most, um, beloved, um, memory from his childhood. And when he feels, uh, anger towards, um, anybody, uh, who have, uh, So I did him. He experiences immense anger and wants to, uh, commit a lot. Yeah. Injury to that person who slights him, affects him. So. What about emotion is described in the novel is at the far end of the spectrum. And once again, uh, there are references to spirits and NGOs, and even he cliff is described as, um, a guru of a vampire, a ghost. And so we don't really know as to the makeup of that, that follicle mind off. Oh, he, please.

Video 2: Gothic and Wuthering Heights
Now let's look at, uh, what bring hides and the, uh, opening episode. So in the opening episode of Emily's, uh, uh, novel buttering Heights, the narrative Lockwood ha come on to heat, Cliff's a house and, and he knocks at the, uh, house and wants to be let in. Um, please is, um, uh, overrun by snow. So. The novel begins in a very, uh, incremental weather. And that is again, Gothic trope. Um, you ha uh, uh, Fred, uh, Frankenstein by now. And you would remember how the Tom's are significant, uh, moments, uh, which indicate that something terrible might happen. And here we have this, entering the Heights, uh, in stormy weather and, um, The novel also leads to the next, uh, nightmare when, um, Lockwood, uh, imagines, um, seeing, uh, the child goes to gap, Kathy, trying to get in. So, uh, the setting is, uh, exciting and nightmarish and this appearance of the ghost in next, uh, the novel with the Gothic, this Snyder, the Lockwood, um, is a southerner and he comes to the Northern. Uh, part of the country, um, to, uh, get a, B D a bit of peace and, um, rest in this, uh, part of the, uh, country. And ironically, he doesn't get that, uh, because you, you can see how, um, very unpleasant his experiences at Wuthering Heights are. Um, so. Yup. What gets trapped in this? Um, Whoa, uh, Hmm. That idea of entrapment is also an interesting, got a motive. When you spent the night at the Heights, um, the house he finds Kathy's diary written as a child and notes off while reading it. That follows a powerfully narrative nightmare in which an icy hand reaches to him through the window and the Wars of Kathryn lint and called to be let in. This is the most exciting moment in the novel for many. Um, we have a walkway and spending the night at Wuthering Heights, a man who has come from the South of England. Um, he has come to this point, the work to convalescent. And when she enters the world off wandering, huh? He picks up our Catherine Kathy's done, sorry, which he had written as a child and he sleeps off while reading it. And he, uh, experiences a nightmare and he imagines that Kathy is trying to get back into buttering hides. And this moment is a fantastic, uh, Gothic moment in the novel when, um, lock, but tries to prevent this, uh, ghost from entering and, um, in that. Kind of a clash between Lockwood and the child, because Lockwood is trying to shut the window against this child goes to, we can, um, uh, read that the child's hand gets caught in the window. So it's a powerful and wildland moment in the novel. And it's a nightmare. Oh, for, uh, Lockwood. The wish and seems to, prefigure what he will later discover about the history of Kathy and he left half in jest. Lockwood tells him that weathering Heights is hunted. So dance scene that, um, nightmare from, uh, um, Lockwood's art night at Wuthering Heights is a foreshadowing of the kind of events that he will come to know, uh, through nearly Dean nilly. Dean is the housekeeper at watering Heights and she is also a dominant NATA. In fact, the dominant narrator. Of this novel. So we have Kathy's voice also emerging from the diary. So certain ways is also there, but the most dominant Nautica, the stat of nearly team followed by Lockwood. So, uh, the next morning Lockwood tells, hit live a half in jest. In fact, it's, he's, he's only half joking. Um, you know, the, the other half is that he is really serious when he says that the three Heights is haunted. Um, and some critics say that, you know, Kathy has written to the wrong person on that night. She should have gone to heat cliff and asked to be let in, um, into the, uh, house. The novel centered as it is on a house, seems to explore it in a new way. The Gothic idea that entering an old building means entering the stories of those who have lived in it before. It's a fantastic way to describe the nature of the Gothic. Gothic novels, have a fascination with houses, hospitals, old buildings, mansions for them. And in this novel, but during hides, the key house is that of, uh, this, uh, Heights, which is owned by mr. . Sure. And eventually, uh, he cliff a proper rate this house. So this house is Gothic in nature. You know, it has a lot of mysteries. It's master is a very strange character. When I, when I call, when I refer to the word master I'm referring to, he claimed because mr. Ansher was kindly man. And he was the one who brought, um, he cliffs into the house, this orphan who came and changed the way in which people, um, live there. So, uh, That the presence of the outsider in this house is a strategic victory, which we can also unpack at a later time. But let's remember I'm Heights is a Gothic space. People get locked in, uh, heated was locked and once I've. The house had listed us from the, uh, from the Grange trash trash Grange, and Kathy gets locked up so that I do have locking up people is a God thing concept. And that happens with them. Weathering Heights does brutality. There's Wylands, there's a lot of swearing. So it's not a very domestic space because domestic city has its associated connotations of peace, affection, Vermont, and love watering Heights is also a highly organized and rationally plant novel with a complex time scheme and several years interlocking. Neither does it. It's, uh, it sets it's extraordinary actions in a vividly realized family history and landscape. It's a very well structured novel that is quite apparent. Um, very rationally planned in the sense that, uh, events are, uh, connected to one of the, and there are consequences for events that happen, uh, within it. Um, again, it's, it's. It's a valve plant novel because several generations, um, tales are, uh, active in the story. And there are several, uh, uh, not a dust points, a few people who tell them the story. They have voices such as Kathy's narrating experiences from the past. And it's, it's a tale of a particular family. It's also a tale of a landscape of a particular region. So, even though it talks about buttering Heights and trash garage Grange, we can see how these houses become symbolic in the way families evolve and the traditions, the family follows. One thing Heights. The novel is fascinated by the power of fantasy. The particularly erotic fantasy in people's lives. Isabella things of hate cliff as a hero for a month until she learns the truth of his brutality. But those fantasies take their place within a carefully plotted story about inheritance into marriage and test he cliff in watering Heights is a figure of fantasy. Um, for example, he is, um, such a figure to Isabella Linton. Um, Isabella things of heat cliff as a hero of a romance, he is tall, dark and handsome. He is rich. So when he cliff, uh, returns to the Heights, um, He comes as a man who is wealthy and civilized. That's the apparent aura that cliff has. And Isabella quickly falls in love. She doesn't know that he has come back to take when gins on. Linton and Catherine on, um, on Hindley and Lee is the son of mr. Earnshaw. He wants to make sure that everybody who have watered him, um, pays for the actions against him. Um, mistakenly Isabella. Things that he is an ideal partner, falls in love and hip quickly Mary's to, um, to wound up Catherine and branch. Really, once she's married, she loves the truth of his brutality and you can see how, um, wary taro and quick he'd cliff is to, uh, take his and, um, This kind of character of his teeth makes him a Gothic, willing, some call him who's dark and brooding. And who is taking vengeance for the societies are wrongs against him. Um, There is also an Ephrata system around that. Uh, he pled, he embodies desire. Uh, he is, uh, and elemental figure who kind of peruse the most emotions in the people around him. So be it, it rage or desire or passion if it's Catherine. So I'm wondering hides is complex because of its central character and his relationship to Catherine. The erotic is not separated from the economic and the passage of power and land across generations. Emily Bronte was fascinated by extreme emotions, radically opposing mental and social forces and the creation of moments of moral revelation and transformation that were typical. Both of Gothic fiction and Victorian melodrama, but she could control and ionize and discipline those energies to serious purpose. This novel, uh, can be classified as both Victor as both Victorian melodrama, because lots of things events happened. Extreme emotions are displayed to the fall and it can also be classified as God fiction. There is an impression that this novel is about the pure passion of he and Catherine, but that's not just the, um, message off this particular. Yeah. Novel. The erotic fantasy is not entirely cut off from the economic trajectories that are crisscrossing this novel. He'd cliff is, um, the outside the figure, when he's brought to, uh, veteran Heights, he's an orphan. He doesn't belong to the onshore, uh, and ensures bloodline. So when Catherine, um, becomes close to hit cliff at the right moment, she's introduced to thrash cross Grange, and she falls in love with Linton. The edge to the trash cross branch property. And she is torn between these two figures, heed cliff and Linton. And, uh, in one of those most, um, crucial moments in the normal, she declares to Nellie that, um, though she is in love with LinkedIn, a hip cliff is like the rock. She, you know, she is hit live. You know, she, it identifies a hostess. It's completely with this raw energy, the passion that he left us, but he clay who is kind of eaves dropping on the scene. Doesn't they long to hear the second hospital's car declaration of love. He runs away the moment he hears that she is in love with Linton and he goes away and, and he, he kind of. Comes back later to take his revenge. But what I'm trying to point out here is this, that even though there are, um, trajectories of romance and passion, there are social forces at play. He loved ring hides, um, really tick in. He clipped, he often he doesn't belong the family. Doesn't really, I think that Catherine should marry him. Yeah, because he's a, nobody, there's no surname. People do not know who his parents are. Um, so it's, it's considered, uh, the right thing when Catherine Mary's. Uh, LinkedIn from trashed trash green so that, you know, proper date is neatly, uh, exchanged and, and, um, Everything follows the rules and regulations of society, Hauer. He lift comes back and yeah, uh, everything is, um, thrown out here by his, uh, uh, trajectory of revenge, which also has this crucial, um, and point of us snatching away taking way, um, by any means whatsoever the property that belongs to Hindley. Who is the heir, the legitimate heir to the property, but you can see how he cheats him of his inheritance and Hindley becomes deprived of his rights and he becomes the master of what the ring Heights. Thank you for watching. I'll continue in the next session.