Loading

Module 1: Gothic Symbolism and Rebellion

Notes d'étude
Study Reminders
Support
Text Version

Gothic Rebellion: The Domestic and the Colony

Set your study reminders

We will email you at these times to remind you to study.
  • Monday

    -

    7am

    +

    Tuesday

    -

    7am

    +

    Wednesday

    -

    7am

    +

    Thursday

    -

    7am

    +

    Friday

    -

    7am

    +

    Saturday

    -

    7am

    +

    Sunday

    -

    7am

    +

Video 1: The Gothic Narrative
Hello and welcome to lectures on Jane Eyre and today's session. I will be discussing the idea of the optic in relation to the novel. I will also be discussing issues of Gothic rebellion, uh, in relation to, um, the domestic and the colony Regene air force. It's got the elements involved, identifying the formal things, such as descriptions of the vampiric, but that Mason or Jane's incarceration in the right room, for example Which are clearly indebted to the cocktails. However, the novel's use of the Gothic is more sophisticated than that because it structures how Jane's struggle for social and economic visibility is staged within a God drama, which challenges certain readerly expectations of the romantic novel. There are two things in this, um, piece of criticism by Smith. Firstly, there are certain formal elements of the gut, like certain Gothic tropes. In the novel Jane Eyre, for example, we have the role of Bertha Mason, who is almost one per week. She is mad. She is out to seek when Jen's on Rochester and his friends. Secondly, we also have a Jane's literal incarceration in the red room in low word. Which is clearly a classic example of the Gothic women being incarcerated put in prison, um, is a very good example of the Gothic attribute. So these are formal aspects. However, there are most sophisticated use of the notion of the Gothic in this novel. Jane Eyre. Jane has a very interesting, um, Remind the plot, the risk months between Janet and Rochester and Jane ed doesn't fit the description of a typical heroin offered for months in those times. She is not rich. She is not very beautiful. And she is not from, um, the higher ranks in society. Of course she is a gentleman's daughter. She is a clergyman daughter yet. She doesn't possess those classic socials and cultural markers, which make her an ideal fit for a woman who would marry into the nobility who would become the mistress of a country house. Therefore, the very absence of expected signifiers in relation to the central female protagonist makes it a very interesting novel, further. The very fact that Jane struggles for, with abilities, social, and economic visibility. Uh, mix it and novel with darker over overtones. And we also need to remember that there is a very clear what the subtext to so all of these factors, including the assertion of rights, okay. The part of Jane Eyre makes this novel, a sophisticated got thee of sorts. The fact that a working woman can assert her right to remand and assert her right to economic independence makes this novel a God thick, novel, or female rebellion. That the novels, ostensible love story challenged by us system about what love means and obligates one to indicate the presence of radicalism, but some conservatively minded contemporary review is found deeply, probably Elisabet Rigby in 1848 wrote in the quarterly review. That is Nonata is throughout. The personification of an unregenerate end, I'm disciplined spirit and went on to claim that the tone of mind and thought which foster charters and rebellion is the same, which also, um, which has also written Jane Eyre. The novel puts seven questions in front of the reader, which. Shakes up the conservatively minded reviewers of that time, Jane Arab and she is making her declaration of love, argues for him, equality with Rochester, despite the fact that Rochester has enormous wealth and possesses, um, his station from a higher rank in life. Janet argues that. Essentially, both of them are equals in the heart in the eyes of God. So such assertion, such declarations equality is plea rebellious and considered to be radical on the part of conservative reviewers. In fact, on the quarterly review, argues that the narrator of gene air. Is unregenerate and undisciplined. In fact, the same spirit that goes into the making of the natto of Jane Eyre is the one that also forms the minds of tartness joggers. But those who are protested for a ride. So the same spirit of rebellion that runs in the society also runs in the figure of the natto of Jane Eyre. According to the novelist Margaret Oliphant writing in 1855, Jane Eyre effected the most alarming revolution more than times in changing the direction of the novel of romantic love. This revolutionary aspect of the novel is closely related to have Bronte uses the Gtech. It also relates to have the novel compromises, what was understood as literally realism at that time. At the time in Wuthering Heights, it's ostensible construction of a realistic world is challenged by a Gothic narco, which exposes what the claims for realism tend to conceal in this instance and accommodate language of rebellion. Margaret Oliphant, a novelist of that time saw this novel Jane Eyre as revolutionary as. Radical. The reason being Jana apparently changed the way in which romantic love was structured in narratives for the first time a VC or hero in who is just regarding the markers of plants and wealth and rank. When she is. Oh, declaring her love for the man. So these declarations, these are two answers on the part of Jane Eyre is something that is extremely unconventional for the first time we have a kind of an interclass marriage happening. Uh, in terms of Jane Eyre and, uh, Rochester, of course, the novel ultimately makes Jane come into a lot of money and therefore Jen becomes very proper deed and wealthy on her own bride towards the end of the novel, but at the middle of this narrative at the middle of the novel Jane Eyre, when Jane is expressing her love for Rochester. She apparently thinks that he is not going to reciprocate her feelings. And at that point, she is just expressing her feelings, her emotions, which she believes to be entirely reasonable. And just so that is around the moment when she. Thanks doc, these elements, these markers, do you signify as of class and wealth and station are not going to have any impact on her declaration of love? So that was extremely, uh, revolutionary incomes of, um, not at the structuring of months further. Um, the language of this novel. Is rebellious. And the critic here argues that the Gothic framework made it easy for Charlotte Bronte, um, M bag this novel to suffuse this novel, such a language. He refers to it as the accommodated language of rebellion, the language that always spills it's boundaries. Is what is being used by Charlotte Bronte. And it becomes easy for her to do it with regard to Janet because of it's got thick Subutex because of it's got thick up work. Something very similar also happens. And Emily Bronte tastes Wuthering Heights, Wuthering Heights, apparently possesses a very realistic world. A rough world. Um, especially in relation to the unsures who are contrasted with the lindens, who stand for sophistication and apparently culture, even within that world of realism. Yeah. Emily Bronte, undercut eight with an unbounded language of rebellion. So something similar is happening with relation to these two novels, Jeanette and battering Heights. In, uh, Jane error, um, there is a different kind of Gothic, especially in relation to the incarcerated, but the amazing, uh, how we are, it's not the world of Jane has not very dissimilar to the world of othering hides like Kathy, um, the central female character, Kathy Anja, who becomes Kathy, uh, Lyndon, Catherine, Linda, um, that character. Has a very strong relation to the God thick in the way she relates to the outside of figure. Um, he cliff, so, uh, realism is undercut by the world of cocktails and the language of Caltech.

Video 2: Gothic Rebellion
Bertha appears to represent a world of rebellion and sexual freedom, which has been circumscribed by her incarceration within Rochester's house. The theme of incarceration, therefore refers back to Jane's incarceration in the red room, but that is described as racially other, but I'm based in stance for a very, uh, a pattern. Got the trope as we have discussed, uh, it's aquatic, troupe of madness and madness is a classic envelope of got the system. However, in terms of the feminist framework, in terms of how feminist read got like such an exhibition of unreason on the part of women is also considered as a kind of rebellion against the patriarchal world, furthermore, but amazing is also associated with sexual freedom. Just, just Rochester is. Um, so this kind of sexual freedom is also seen as a feminist marker, a marker. The alien she's also incarcerated justice. J Nat has been to incarceration as a part of growing up for female in those times. And then the fact that both bud and Jane, uh, rebel against. Sexual boundaries also make them, uh, especially rebellious. There is, uh, a slight, um, accommodation with regard to Jane Eyre. And that happens, uh, when she comes to know about the park of Rochester. Um, then she realizes that Dorchester is a Maverick man. She refuses to live in sin with him, so that accommodation. It's something that is invested and, uh, Jane Eyre, the, make her a figure off who is Holy and pure one, who is I'm going to be the angel, uh, within the domestic, uh, uh, set up. Despite these caveats associated with Jane Eyre, we see the sexual passion in Jane Eyre, uh, in her reaction in her expression of love for Rochester. She is not the shrinking Wildlands that we have seen in many, uh, of 19th century and 18th century fiction. So there is. An element of passion and sexual expression, um, in Jane Eyre and bud that, which, which make them twins, which, which gives them the sisterhood of rebellion against authority against patriarchal authority. But that is described as the other. She is, uh, a ratio, other she's a Creole, however, But she is an other, she is a far enough, and this notion of otherness is linked to genes, otherness. Jane's outside of status, which is later dramatized in her socially awkward role of a governess as an upper self. And who is not part of the family. It is only alleviated when she acted, uh, accidentally. Or perhaps providentially discovers members of her family really who admitted her into their home close to salvation. After leaving Rochester, the book is written from the point of view of the Metro. Jane describes her childhood self in terms that echo the lead, the perceptions of the matte Beretta. Jean is an other justice. Berta is an other, both are outsiders. But that is an outsider because she is not British. She is from the colony. Jane is an outsider because she does not belong to the same social class as right. Juster. She is an outsider to the nobility. She is not wealthy when. She falls in love with Rochester. So those aspects make her an other. She's also an a, because she's a governance, she's an employee. She is an Sylvan, but she is not a servant. Like the ones who labor with their hands. Jose is a labor, which is associated with education. So she's an upper solvent. She is not. And Kylie, someone who doesn't have class. And yet she is within the margins. She is within the, uh, within the borders of respectability because of her indeterminant status. So it becomes a very difficult to accommodate Jane until, until she finds members of her family. Who take her and give her a job, give her, um, support and sustenance. And ultimately she comes to the property through, uh, the connection. And at that point she is probably gentrified, which makes her easy to marry just eventually. So one can see the indeterminate status of gene emerging from the fact that she is a gentleman's daughter, but at the same time, she is an upper servant. She is, um, genteel, but she is also a governess. So all of these elements make her and outside the figure who has symbolic associations with the mat Bertha ever since God, respired like famously accused GNA of advancing feminist individualism. Why are they acting semantics of imperialism? It has been difficult to read Bronte's story of female maturation and self determination. Without us suspicion, spike buck has accused the novel of advancing the feminist movement by sacrificing the sovereignty of nations. Remember that sent Joan is a missionary who was about to leave for India to perform missionary work in the colony that belongs to great Britain, such an accusation of, uh, imperialist tenders tendencies on the part of Jane Eyre makes this novel, um, slightly suspicious, uh, to put it mildly, therefore. Notions of female maturity, self determination and independence are problematized by the kind of cultural work that this performs inspire X account. What does just, my wife figure that's the barely human native female has only a week entitlement under the letter of the law. One that is easily overshadowed by the English woman's greatest spiritual claim as a rational human subject. Jane is implicitly an end in herself as a soul better. She cannot be mastered by the man who has power over her as animalistic unsold, but that can be okay. Hear this criticism points out the list of factors on the part of Berta makes it easy for the man to overpower her. She. Is not a rational humans subject. She be burned down. She's not rational because she's mad. She's unsold. She's animalistic because for unreason, therefore it becomes easy for Rochester to overboard her and incarcerate her. And she has new power. How well that's not the case with Jane Eyre. She is an English woman. She is, she's not a Needham. She is not a Florida. She is an English woman. She is saying she is rational. She is a rational human subject. Therefore she is a soul better. She possesses the healthy soul. Therefore it becomes difficult for us just to overpower Jane as he had overpowered Bertha. So G is a greater spiritual power. All about that. And Rochester Bronte is raised depiction of it. The mad Creole is at the heart of Jane's liberation from patriarchal tyranny. This is because gen twin targets of reform the management of. The especially female in st. Paul opposed, immense amounts of patient Jamaican society enrich intemperance and licentiousness with part to constitute an infectious, moral malady linked the development of just domestic arrangements to Imperial governance. Jane Ayres emancipation is predicated on butter. The mad Creole. Jane is escaped from patriarchal tourney is associated with the man Bertha at the revelation. Jane is given the chance to escape from the clutches of Rochester and to recuperate within the family. Which will feed her as an equal instill in her, the strength to further fight for the assert herself within the greater society. As a proper beach woman. Jane Eyre has two important targets of reformation. One is. The management of the mad woman, the mad woman here symbolized by, um, the Creole. Uh, but the Mason and the other is managing a society in which there is greater. Licentiousness a licentiousness that is infectious. And the subject is that, uh, um, but the Mason has infected, right? So. The malnourishment of insanity and the management mint of moral malady is invested on Jane Eyre, who did comics to, uh, to the company of Rochester in the absence of the mad woman to talk about him morally over to the right side, the good side to home ground. So there is a very strong link between domestic management and impede real governance. The domestic matters Richmond is symbolically the management of the household of Rochester and Imperial governance is about managing the insane, the morally, um, problematic figures in the colony. So, this is a very, very complex novel because of the various cultural functions that the novel performs in relation to the Gtech in relation to imperialism, all the evidence suggests that it is impossible to talk about female independence and marriage equality in the novel without suppressing, um, the histories of slavery, colonialism, and empire that lie behind them. This is the big subtext of Jane Eyre. There is imperialism, there is colonialism and slavery as discourses that crisscross the novel and over that set of Subutex. Jane Eyre has embarked on this, not a dip of romance in this novel. So the empires colony seems to you attack people on the home space, spaces and bodied by Jane Eyre and the colonial. When engines seem to be embedded in Bertha Mason. Inspire max account of the novel missionary work creates an ideological bridge between the Gothic madwoman in the attic, not at the, and the vocational alternate to the marriage plot represented by the Saint John Rivers story. The glorious deeds of the colonizer will transform ignorant animals into rash well human subjects, the risk, this missionary plot. And Jane Eyre, the missionary plot is centered on st. John Rivers, who is I'm going to embark on a journey to India to perform a missionary service for the benefit of the population in the colony. And they told about the nature of the colonized. Population through the figure of Bertha Mason, the colonized, her son would be non rational, animalistic, and almost one per rank. That is the message that is coded within the novel, through the figure of the Mason. Now one can see the connection between the missionary plot and the cockpit plot. The Gothic is a powerful mode because it refracts a lot of concerns in a novel, the Gothic refracts, the concerns of the colonized. Very, very powerfully through the figure of the Mason. There are also connections between the marriage plot and the missionary plot as well. St. Joan offers marriage to Jane Eyre who rejects it because it's seems to be an empty marriage for her. Of course, there is missionary work, good work for the benefit of non rational creatures, but it's not a marriage of passion and friendship, and it is not a marriage with Rochester. So. The madwoman in the attic plot slash the glottic plot is very powerfully connected to the plot of the empire as well. While Michigan, every service is offered as an alternative to passion two Jane Eyre, she refuses it. She refuses a life of service without passion. So the missionary plot fails with regard to Jane Eyre and the marriage plot is eliminated of its dissident characteristics. The marriage plot is, uh, is, sounded highest in some ways. So that the demand trajectory, the culture plot between Rochester and Jenn-Air can come to fruition for that plot to prosper the colonial presence they eliminated, and it is removed from the home space. And once that happens, the Myers plot. Thrives. Thank you for watching. I'll continue in the next session.