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Module 1: Gothic Symbolism and Rebellion

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Charlotte Bronte and Jane Eyre

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Video 1: Charlotte Bronte
Hello and welcome to week six lectures on Charlotte. Bronte's Gothic novel Jane Eyre in today's session. I'm going to talk about the author, her early life experiences and the plot of her novel, Janet. Charlotte Bronte was the third of six children of Patrick Bronte, whom we know as a puppet jewel curate at Howard in Yorkshire. Charlotte was only five in 1821. When her mother Maria died. Four years later, her two older sisters died as a result of the harsh conditions in the clergy thought this school at Cohen bridge, Lancashire, they, and the eight year old challenge was sent in 1824. Two aspects are significant to us, uh, from this set of information. Firstly, that is very common in the family. There is always a fear of it dying in the family of the bronchitis. Secondly, uh, the experiences. Yeah, the children at school they're far from pleasant. We can see how the harsh conditions the school at coven bridge is directly related to, um, the death of the children, shallots experiences at the school influence her portrayal of love with school in Jane Eyre. After the death of the two oldest Bronte doctors. Hatrick and Maria sister, uh, Elisabet gave the children assimilating. And why ranging education at home? Charlotte, her two younger sisters, Anne and Emily Bronte and their brilliant unstable brother. invented complex imaginary worlds. I wrote about extensively in tiny, homemade. Yeah. A fruitful literary app rendition. Yeah. So as a result of the death of the two oldest doctors, um, Patrick and, uh, Maria sister, Elizabeth Elizabeth is taking care of the children at the family home. So they gave, uh, the children are fantastic and wide range education, and Charlotte, along with her youngest sisters and an Emily Bronte, um, and their brother. Brand world, they get together and invent complex, uh, imaginary, uh, you know, as worlds, um, such as angrier and gondola and about which they've write in tiny books, um, that they make a tomb. So this gives them, uh, the practice necessarily to create complex plot, uh, later on. Each 15 Charlotte enrolled at a new school. Not far from Howard RoboHead head school was less hard than the clergy daughter's school, but Charlotte spent only 18 months there before returning home. Charlotte Bronte attends a new school, uh, which we knew as Royal head school. The school was better than the one that they had attended previously. That is the clergy doctors at school. But even here, Charlotte did not stay for very long. Um, so should have tons back to how well after spending, uh, just 18 months much, I said about the influence of Rohit on all three Bronte sisters. Charlotte left it in 1832, but returned to teach that in 1835, bringing Emily , Emily Stickley was much less happy away from home. She was unseated the life of a pupil, even in a benign environments that just raw head says Nick Holland. She left after only three months after which Anne came. So there seems to be. I have repetition of events with one system following another two school environment. Okay. Charlotte seems to have lived at a rural head longer, and the others. Emily is completely unsuitable to being a student. She cannot survive outside of the Howard uh, uh, environment and, um, And also joins the sisters. So every daughter is sent for schooling, uh, by Patrick Bronte. And this experience of life within the school is something which influences the doctors do a great extent. Charlotte does draw on the experiences of row heads, who, uh, when she wrote her, uh, material fiction. And, uh, Emily is traumatized by, uh, being awake from home as well. So that kind of trauma is a trauma is reflected in weathering Heights in a different way. When we see that, um, the young Kathy ism moved from buttering. Hi, for various reasons. uh, Doug Charlotte worked as a governess and spend some years teaching at a boarding school in Brussels. Her unrequited love for the schools, headmaster informed her novels relax, and the professor, which was published post domestically in 1857. Um, Charlotte Bronte also wrote the novel called Shirley, which was about, uh, the industrial unrest in the middle of England. School life teaching. Um, the life of a governance are, um, some of the experiences which are. Which are discussed great lent, uh, in her fiction and which are also turned into, uh, uh, aspects in her, uh, later fiction. Uh, so you can see how, um, Charlotte's life as, uh, yeah. A school teacher in Brussels. Is drawn on extensively into all of her fiction. Well lit and the professor and, um, the life of a teacher is also reflected in an indirect way, uh, in the governance figure of Jane Eyre. It was the passion ballad of Jane era that owned her fame. And when was that? I think London, she moved into best literary circles defended by mrs. Glasgow and tack, right. The latter remembered the trembling little frame, the little hand, the great honest eyes. So John gene ed was a big success. SAS and Charlotte Bronte, uh, becomes a known name in literary circles. Uh, she was particularly befriended, uh, by mrs. Gaskell who wrote, um, the life of Charlotte Bronte and tack rate made a comment, which, um, reference to her great owner's eyes. Which is in contrast to the trembling physique of Charlotte Bronte. The eyes are honest, but the frame is small. And, uh, trembling Janay was published in 1847 as Jane and or biography with Cora bell, uh, which is, uh, Bron tastes, pseudonym, uh, listed as the editor. Widely considered a classic. It gave new truthfulness to the Victorian novel with its realistic portrayal of the inner life of woman noting her struggles with her natural desires and social condition. I want to, um, draw a comparison between the point, uh, uh, the points listed here on the slide, um, with the previous, um, Slide barely saw the reference to, uh, Calgary's description of, uh, Charlotte Bronte that he says, um, she had great honest eyes, uh, in a small firm. And I want to, uh, to attention to the notion doc. It is is the realistic portrayal of the, the inner life of a woman. Um, and, and I want you to think about how, um, the inner life, um, which is described with great realism and clarity becomes an honest portrayal, a realistic portrayal of, um, uh, an ordinary figure in England. So there is a connection between, um, the, uh, minute details, which up with trade in a novel of an ordinary figure and, um, that notion of realism. So realism can be about anything. It can be about the natural desires. Um, With which a woman fight against it can be about an ordinary condition, a social condition, which belongs neither to the high, a station in life, not the very low. And, um, once again, um, let's, let's spend some time on the idea of truthfulness, um, the truthfulness, um, Resting on the idea of realism and, and on the honesty that one can see emanating from eyes, huh? We connect this idea with the Gothic. One can see that there is a connection between, um, the notion of the Gothic and. The battles that are listed here on this slide, which are the backends against one's own natural desires and social condition. And we knew that Jane Eyre and other characters in this novel fight against their natural inclinations, their primitive passions, and some also try to get, um, Free from the social condition, which circumscribes them. Uh, Janet is a classic example of that kind of struggle. So, uh, what I'm trying to get at here is that, um, the notion of truthfulness, the idea of realism is also associated with the honest portrayal of. The struggles of a, of a woman, uh, against her natural inclinations and social class. So, uh, even call it, um, realism on the one hand and you can also put a God expand on the other by focusing on the plot with regard to natural desires,

Video 2: Plot of Jane Eyre
Now lets look at the plot of Jane Eyre. When the normal begins the time character as a 10 year old often who lives with her uncle's family, her parents had died of typhus other than the nurse made the family. Ostracizes Jane she's later sent to the ostia louvered institution, a charity school where she and the other girls that mistreated Lovit as the name suggests as the low point in Jane's young life. In the face of such, it was the date. How was she grabbed us strength and confidence. Okay. Well, one thing that readily jumps to our attention is the references, the school logo, right? And you can see that the risk of connection between the schools, the first school that the Bronte children attended, the Bronte daughters attender and This school lowered both goals, mistreat it's what, and, and see how, um, Charlotte Bronte had been deeply effected by the experiences that she had when she was, um, at, uh, the, uh, school for clergy men's store. It does. So experience is reflected in the novel Jane Eyre. The second, uh, interesting phenomenon that, uh, strikes us is this, um, often young orphan she's just 10 year old. Um, and she is. A hanger on, she is, um, not part of the family she's she lives with her uncle's family and the one lead one person who, um, that's not, uh, ostracized her is that nursemaid. And you can see how the family gets rid of her by sending her to that school. Cool. And then the novel begins. The central character. Jane is always already at a low point, not just at this school, but, um, by staying in and, um, extended relatives, family. She is not much wandered there too. So, uh, there is a lot of pathos surrounding the character of Jane and even from the wary of beginning of the novel, she is not with her own family. Her parents are dead. She spends life with her uncles, um, family who, uh, immediately, uh, displaced her to a school, which is not very kind. So, um, the have, uh, CDs of miss misfortunes, um, phase my Jenn-Air right from the beginning. However, despite this set of misery, she. The Haas face it with a lot of courage and strength. So she is hard and, um, in, in a good way by her experiences, which are not wary pleasant and early adopter after several years, as a student and then teacher at Bluebird Jane muster, the courage to lead. She finds work as a governance at Thornfield hall, but she meets her dashing and five RONIC employer, the wealthy and impetuous Edward Rochester at Thornfield Jane looks after young adult, the daughter of a French dancer, who was one of Rochester's mistresses and is befriended by the kindly housekeeper mrs. Alice Fairfax. You can see how there is a kind of an upward curve in Gene's life. When she quits her life at Lakewood, where she was a student and then a teacher. She finds, uh, as a dis uh, pointed out here, she finds courage to leave the school. She finds a position as a governance. She, um, has become independent of that oppressive atmosphere of Lowood. She finds, um, a position of the governance act upon field hall. Bonfield is an interesting name. Um, one can see that the name suggests that a life for Jane Eyre is not going to be a bed of roses, um, on field hall is, um, yeah. Gives Gibbs, gen air a tough, uh, life expedience too. Uh, but. I see as reasonable, but you will understand how generic it comes out successfully. Um, despite the adverse experiences, despite the nature of, uh, its master Edward Rochester. So the Byronic hero is of course, Rochester. Um, we can make comparisons between Rochester and he cliff extremely wealthy and he he's also impacted actress impulsive, um, justice heat cliff was, uh, as well, of course, uh, cliff, um, got as well halfway through suddenly. Um, but Edward Rochester has, um, inherited his wealth. In, um, Tom field hall cheese, I'm expected to look after and to a doubt, uh, who is the doctor of a French dancer, who was one of Rochester's mistresses? Um, then the understand that at Dell is the alleged doctor off at Rochester. And the one thing that is, um, interesting for us to notice is that the housekeeper at on-field hall, mrs. Uh, Alice Fairfax is kindly the word Jane. And if you go back to the previous slide B, do understand that even men, she was with her uncle's family, it was the nursemaid who was, um, uh, the only one who did not reject drain completely. So, uh, this set of, um, Correct. Does the nursemaid and the house steeper are not part of the family. They are employees. Um, they are, um, part of the working class. They're part of the seven, six class. And they look upon Jane in a kindly manner. And that is significant to us because of the class, a blotter being between Jane Eyre and these figures. That is the nursemaid and D housekeeper. When Jane and becomes the governance, she becomes a paid employee of the house hold at Thornfield hall. So you can see how there is a kind of a similarity between all these working women in that they are at the mercy of the employer. James, it falls in love with Rochester. Though he is expected to marry the snobbish and socially prominent Blanchett and grant Rochester. Eventually as it procreates strange feelings and proposes marriage, how were on their wedding day? Jane discovers doc brought to set, cannot leave elite Merrick marry her because, um, he, he has a wife bird, the amazing who has gone mad and this locked away on the third floor. Because of her wildland behavior. So, uh, this slide tells you about the climactic sections of this novel Jane Eyre, despite her in determinant position. That is, she is a lady because she is a closure men's darker gentlemen starter, but she's also. Heart of the working classes, because she works for money as a governance in the household of Rochester, despite her in the determinant class position. She falls in love with she dares to fall in love with this, um, uh, by Veronica, Carol and master of this whole, um, Rochester and the readers are given to assume that he is expected to marry the with socialite Blanchette Ingram and at a very important moment in the novel Jane declares her love for Rochester and Rochester reciprocates. Um, Her feelings and they are engaged. However, on the wedding day, it is revealed that the cannot possibly Mary Jane, because he's already married and he has, um, shot up his wife in the attic. Oh, don't feel whole. It has also revealed to us that, uh, the wife of Rochester worth at Mason has been incarcerated in this hall because she has gone mad and is, uh, extremely wildland in, uh, her behavior. Okay. How persons explains the strange noises Jane has heard in the match. Believing that he was tricked into that marriage lost Rochester feels justified in pursuing his relationship with Jane. He pleads with her to join him in France, but they can live as husband and wife, despite the legal prohibitions. But Jane refuses on principle and fleas on field. So when she comes to know about Bertha Mason, she realizes that the strange noises and sounds that she had been hearing in the hole are, um, Now are cleared up because they have come from Bertha Mason's movements and, uh, brought to Stu justifies his behavior, uh, by stating that he had been tricked into that marriage with the smart woman and he backs Jane to run away with him to France. Jane of course refuses, um, uh, because, uh, of, um, The moral nature of the quandary in which she is N N G a quartz field. She flees displace. Jane is taken in by people. Truly. The discovers are her cousins. One of them is Saint Joan, a principal clergyman. He gives her a job and soon proposes marriage suggesting that she joined him as a missionary in India. Jane initially agrees to leave with him, but not as his wife. Thank you for watching. I'll continue in the next session.