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Module 1: The ‘Explained Supernatural’, Gothic Sublime, and Aristocratic Villainy

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Gothic and Travel, Marriage, Discussion Questions

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Hello and welcome to this week's lecture on the mysteries of Adolfo origin by Andra cliff in this computing lecture on the novel, I will be briefly discussing the concept of Gothic in relation to, uh, travel. And I'll also be talking about, uh, ideas of marriage, uh, in the context of the 18th century context.And, uh, we'll be looking at two discussion questions related to this particular novel. Um, we need to remember published, uh, romantic novels, such as the castles of Athlon and Dan vain, uh, published in 1789 and the Sicilian remind 1790. Uh, it does for the publication hook novel, the romance of the forest, um, published in 1791. Yeah. Which established her as a Gothic novelist. So I might one, 2.2 attention. The fact that those flows between Ramond and. Gotcha. Um, the transition between the two, um, literally domains seem to happen seamlessly in the case of Radcliffe. And, uh, with racket's most successful release of the mysteries of Adolfo published in 1794, she approved her mastery of terror. Um, the concept of terror, correct? The epithet, the great Enchantress of the Gothic movement. And this episode chanters was coined by the English writer. So. You can see how she gradually migrates from, uh, writing for monsters to writing Gothic fiction and impact of Vermont's. Um, the idea of adventure, uh, the great travels enrolled in Vermont, um, and the romance block itself. Um, there are months Bellafill referencing coach of plot. Uh, also being embedded in the narratives, um, make it easy for such a transition. Now, um, travel books, particularly descriptions of Italy mean important contribution to an advocation of vapes or so, um, This is a crucial idea, the relationship between golf and travel and the idea of past, if you remember the previous lecture, we were talking about the idea of the primitive and the idea of pre-modern past how, um, the primitive seemed to kind of indicate the premorbid past of great Britain. So I'm an Arab patient of exotic past of countries, such as Italy, seem to kind of evoke the past to create Britain itself. Um, so that symbolic idea is, um, made possible, um, this kind of exoticize station of foreign countries. The indication is exerted past is also a typical characteristic of the Gothic novel. Um, so it's an important motif. Um, and we also should remember that the sect of the past on the present is also one of the discourse of the novel. Now we have examples of this kind of relationship between the past and the present. For example, in the closet of the workbook is based on a manuscript that she kind of founded the library, a Catholic family in the North of England. You can see how that master is being discussed in distance in time. And also physically in the office, English. It's not in the South, but there are, we have, um, you know, the, the cities and their, um, you know, the financial centers are functioning. So you can see how, um, you know, the sensing has its own, uh, ramifications in terms of the, uh, humming, the decks. So, um, apparently this book was printed in eight Naples in the black later in the year of 1579. So not printed in, uh, not printed in grid rigid. So, and also not print it now in the contemporary time, but in the 16th century. So distancing physically. Uh, and Tim poorly has a particular sickness in terms of the Gothic. No. And that seems to indicate both on the part of the ident and education primitive past of great Britain. Now traveling and got fiction, got some travel breaking off from the, a range of gender, descriptive strategies, just a strategy constructing thrombotic oppositions between wild and cultivated scenes of nature, but also a large number of precise descriptions of ridiculous, ridiculous varieties of natural scenery. So you can see how, um, Not if it's about Scrabble, have an impact on the structure of Gothic fiction, uh, travel matter. Isn't useful. Um, they're useful to look at fiction because, um, these narratives help Gothic fiction make a differentiation between, uh, the wild. Scenery as, um, and, and the cultivated, um, scenes, um, there is of course a big difference between the garden and, uh, and why, and the group that you can sign, um, you know, surrounding, um, run down, got the closet. So there is a distinction made between the two and the language of this differentiation between the types of scenery can be from a travel, not by the right desk. And, um, this travel also offers, um, grinders, um, you know, a range of interesting scenery, which can be used in a particular novels, um, know descriptions of our Italy can be, um, made use of in, um, you know, several o'clock affection. Say, for example, in, in, in, uh, time and, and other, uh, section of the kind. So these are important narratives, novels. Now the connection between the landscapes and graphic novels and travel journals, just that God knows are a form of armchair tourism, Moe reading racquets, scenic descriptions, which heavily influenced by landscape paintings and travel journals. The reader does not have to leave his or her chair in order to travel to the landscapes. The reader is one small part into the position of the observer. So. This critical comment lays there. One of the immediate benefits to a reader of reading fiction. So now you shouldn't be scared by the novels. The reader can also kind of metaphoric visit all these places that are described heart of the matter, the big fiction. So there is a kind of an armchair tourism going on on the pages of glottic fiction and Gerrit tourism enjoyed by the reader. So, um, This is pretty cool. Is it points out that ratchet scene description are influenced not only by challengings, but also, uh, painting. So, um, and, and the reader does get to enjoy all these descriptions, um, you know, which are painted by what, um, um, by clips. So, um, You also get the sense of the visa is once more in the position of a viewer of a scenery. So it can be a painting of a particular scene in Naples and Italy in Geneva. So you can see one of the immediate benefits of this kind of object tourism. There's one of the points that I'm wanting to kind of bring up, uh, in a symbolic manner, which relates to the idea of how, um, This set of travel matter makes a distinction between the wine and the culture and the kind of teams and nature. So the difference between, you know, the fly in the bushes and the really Niki pruned garden. So there is a kindness of connection that the inmate with the different kinds of domestic. Or the different kinds of characters. On the one hand, we have all these towns who are evil in Gothic fiction on the other behalf, a British characters, British Dimon versus females, um, you know, hero lines who are filtered and who are brought up in. Probably more, um, you know, uh, genial ideal situation. So there is a difference being made here between the good and the back by pointing some politics. Why is nature and the cultivated nature. So. The English content side is supposed to be ideal in the strange exotic places which are found in foreign squats are in a symbolically evil. So that kind of decision is also being brought out to this travel narrative, which are used in a matter of they use in, and it doesn't vary. Interesting to know that a Ratliff had not traveled outside of England at the time she wrote the ministries of adults and me for descriptions of the beautiful landscapes of friends and that romantic splendors. If it's a little bit bored from travel books, so you can see, um, You know, that had not traveled outside of the country, that you moved this fantastical thing fiction, but yet we have vivid descriptions of the countryside of the foreign countries. And that really tells you the impact of all these travel books and, um, uh, illustrated, um, additions of. You know, paintings and visual, uh, other wishlist material I have had on and this kind of Gothic war. No, let's our attention to the topic here, Ryan. I want to kind of bring your attention to this conversation between Emily, the Huron of and Tony, who is the willing of the piece. Um, and. Emily says with a lot of different things you might find for half signal and said, Emily, with my dignity, that the strength of my mind is equal to the justice of my cause. And that I can end you with such a dude when it does of oppression, you speak like a hero in settlement, Tony contemptuously, we shall see, but even stuff for like one. So. Emily's words are particularly interesting go. She talks about, um, fortitude, courage. She talks about the resistance. Um, she makes a reference to, she talks about justice and he says, if I'm being treated unjustly, I rise to the patient and face the situation courageous and those, um, you know, uh, Tom's. Um, that, you know, the terms of justice, uh, fostered you, um, makes one Tony, uh, you know, uh, react and, um, state that you speak. Like he, Ryan, it's a heroic who has all these attributes, attributes of courage and resistance and, um, not just to hit wrong. Um, uh, heels may have heels on to have this kind of, um, set of attributes. So you can, again, once again, think back to the IDC line is, um, you know, which we find, um, used in reference to the ideal, see male clock and deals in that scene. Um, you know, the headline is, and folks about the growth trajectory of the hero line, just as the group trajectory of the heel is catching a defense for a mom. And, um, you can also see the vetting, um, Don't even make it suffer like heroin, you know, the central female character in a piece of work. So there is a kind of a self consciousness kind of theme going on here to the Gothic. Hey Ryan. Um, Is somebody who is in the captain gray, um, uh, category, which embodies or talks about the new order of Liberty and enlightenment. Uh, and that's happens. in music Aubert because she has, um, at Chronos stipulate, she has fashionable sensibility, manners, and days of the Indian century in England. So you can see how. Yeah, she, she doesn't seem to belong to her age, but, you know, she seems to kind of belong, which we kind of discussed in previous lectures. The point is to create an ambiance rather than to kind of reproduce the actual time and age that the point of novel is to kind of create this ideal ancient quality, the novel to talk about oppression, um, which is I was selected in the character of Tony. No it's quickly took a look at the state of Maverick lemon in the 18th century, uh, married women found it very sickle to consult any of the property during marriage while the husband could take away, could not take away his wife's land or other real property. He could take all the rent and other income, these properties generated. So is, um, you know, uh, Ideas tell you the kind of thing that the husband had on the female. So, uh, even though he could not really kind of snatch away the property, the proceeds from the property, the income from the property could be taken away by the husband. By law husbands had the right to physically punish their wives and women have little records to escape that marriages it's a punishment or something that can be given to device. Um, by the has been anything member of the machines, if at all, for coming from Tony, kind of, um, punish us, the wife by impersonating her in the cost of engender fuses to give her property. Um, there was the act of parliament was enormously. Expensive. It's quite rare. Uh, and in fact, from 1670 to 80, 67, this way. So you can see how well it is to escape a very bad and unhappy and abusive marriage in those days. And that was probably one of the release. One of the reasons for the spouses. When signed the publishing contracts. So are the mysteries of Adolfo. Um, and her often novels, her husband will in bracket have had to sign them as well. A contract signed by wife husband's consent had more legal validity and the woman had no right to sell property intellectual or otherwise. So this. Fantastic point really gives you a very good picture of the status of women in those times. In act, the, the undrafted and she had to sign the contracts. The husband had to sign them as well, because only then you, the contract that came valid because the woman, the wife had no rights to sell any kind of property, be it intellectually or in your decline. Now I have a couple of, um, discussion questions here. Um, some of the questions that you might think about when you're, uh, uh, ruminating on this novel is, um, something like this considering Lin, Tommy, what do you make of the trend in English literature to use Italians is mysterious. Uh, why does industry the chair make use of Italians? That's a good question. We think about you'll remember that this device was, I also like to use for the two and as this woman and white, why do you think so many English authors don't do Italy? So they welded. Why this far and wide, this particular nation's willing in many of English fiction in those period, um, in, in that period is a, is a good starting point to talk about issues of othering, um, and how problematic, um, issues are kind of transported to different figures in order to kind of resolve them. How do you find, um, wrap gifts, narrative style? Do you find it effective? She keeps a lot of things and serious, and doesn't reveal very much at all. Uh, leaving the reader and Emily disregard more about the unknown than necessarily any tooling even occurring. So this question asks you to think about the shadowings, you know, the fears that the women have in the story. Uh, is, is this a good strategy or do you think there's a different way in which I could have kept the, read the hook instead of kind of making it this kind of eatery? So you said some of the questions you can think about, uh, in relation to there are matters of style of the ministries of the dolphin. So in conclusion, what do you make of this novel? The supernatural aspects of the dosel now seemingly molded. Wrapped up central concern, senior rights and mean power has lost me. So to have read the novel. And I think that in the Coptic feels a bit outdated. It doesn't scare you, or if it's not, you know, a really interesting, um, You can think about the central concern of the novel, which is about female rights and the assertion of the individual. Well, especially Emily said, um, you know, a fight against depression of Tony who symbolizes poverty. These concerns have lost none of its relevance or its potency. Located within the genre of CML, explore issues of picture console women's property rights and the underlying threat of sexual violence, whether it's marriage or rape. So. This novel, um, kind of discusses a lot of very, very interesting. And , uh, the idea of property rights for women and, um, the violence, the underlying sexual violence, um, inflicted on women, um, in, in various forms in there on the, on the pages of the novel. So these are some of the issues which make it, um, this novel, very, very relevant into the state.