For any sustainable site development, Brownfield sites should be chosen in preference to Greenfield sites and eco-sensitive zones should be avoided.Assessment of site conditions includes climate, topography and storm water.
Site development measures and strategies should include: spill prevention and controlsoil erosion controlpreservation of vegetationdust prevention and controlopen spaces and visitor parkingcharging facilities.
Urban Heat Islands result from development activities, which cause: change of surfaceheat productionchanges in the composition of airincreased turbidity.
Urban Heat Island mitigation measures include: green roof or green wallcreating more city parksusing light colored building materials
Strategies for stormwater runoff control include: permeable pavementsmaintaining the natural topographygreen roofconstructed wetlandinfiltration trenchesgrass filter stripgrass swales
Sustainable strategies for large developments include:land use optimizationmixed use developmentemployment opportunitiessocio-cultural initiativeslong term transportation plan.
Other important sustainable strategies involve light pollution reduction, tree plantation, local food production and most importantly, green education.
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