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Module 1: Garments Structure, Tech Packs and Pre-Production

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Creating a Garment Tech Pack - Introduction
Once you have narrowed down your selections and done your due diligence, you should have selected a professional manufacturer that works best for your business. At this point, you can now prepare your garment tech pack. 
A garment tech pack is a critical portion of the production process that takes lots of planning and preparation.
The production process can be the most challenging part of launching your designs, but your garment tech pack, if done correctly will streamline the process.
Think back on every stage of your design and all the hard work; each of the steps was an integral part of making your collection unique. Now that you are turning over your designs for production, it is important that every seam, grain line, pleat and detail is included.
Your garment tech pack is a means of communication that will ensure that these details will transfer over to production. It gives detailed specifications of your designs, and the clearer you are, the less likely you will have mistakes. A garment tech pack is broken into several sections, which we will work through over the following pages. Make sure you learn and understand each section.
Cover Page
Your cover page features sketches of the front and back of your design and should include a transparent or white fill. 
You can choose hand drawn, computer generated sketches, or photographs. The images you place here should be proportional and clean.
Inspiration Page
The inspiration page will contain any image that helped you create your original style. You only need to add this page if the factory is going to create your pattern. These inspiration images are here to help the manufacturer reach the designer’s vision.
Callouts Page
The callouts page is used to express the design details and the type of construction that you would like used for your garment. Make sure you use arrows and clearly mark what kind of construction you want to be used and where.
Print-Fabric Replacement Page
On this page, you will indicate exactly where you want your fabrics or prints. For example, you can use a colour key to distinguish where you want each type of fabric.
Colourway Page
The colourway page will show where you want each colour to be used in your design and indicates colour name, numbers, and swatches.
Bill of Materials Page
This section is also referred to as the BOM and is where you will include all the materials that were used to construct the garment. The following main sections should be included in this tab: trims, labels, fabrics, and packaging.
In each section, you should include all pertinent information related to the category. For instance, in the materials section, you should include fibre content, material substance, and identification numbers.
Fold Page
The fold page should include how you want your garment to be packed and folded after it is shipped to the desired destination. On this page, you can include sketches with step-by-step instructions of the folding process.
Label Placement Page
The label placement page simply offers instructions on what type of label should be used on your product and where you want it to be placed.
 Proto Specs Page
After your first sample is created, the manufacturer will need measurements for fitting, which is where the proto specs page comes in. 
This page should contain the following key points:
- The point of measure
- A description of how and what needs to be measured
- The actual measurements that the garment should be measured to
-The tolerance level, which indicates the most a measurement can veer over or under the requested measurement
 1st Fit Specs Page
This page holds all the information about the first fit sample of development and should contain all the columns from your proto specs. 
You should also add two columns: one for actual measurements, and one for revised measurements after the specs are requested.
 2nd Fit Specs Page
This page is identical to your 1st fit specs page, but is used after the 2nd fitting.
 1st and 2nd Fit Comment Pages
The construction and fit of the product need to be reviewed and commented on during each phase of production so that you can send it for final revisions Thus, you will need to add a comment page after your 1st and 2nd fit spec pages.
Graded Specs Page
Once your designs have been finalised and will be pushed through production, the factory will need measurements for each size. These measurements will be placed here on the graded specs page, which is the last page on your garment tech pack.