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Hello and welcome to the final unit in career development.


In this unit, we're going to talk about the last step in the job search process, 
the job interview. 
By now, you've written a great resume and cover letter. 
You've practised your networking elevator speech. 
And you've got a job interview.


In this video, we will go over some important things to know 
about job interviews in the United States.


This is your chance to answer questions about your skills and qualifications. 
Ask questions about the job or 
the company, and make a positive impression on the employer.


In later videos, we will focus on the language of questions, show 
you some sample questions you could hear in a job interview and how to answer them.


At the end of the unit, 
you will record your own answer to a typical job interview question.


Let's begin with some basic information about job interviews. 
A job interview is a formal meeting between an employer and 
a job seeker to decide if the person should get the job.


The employer is called the interviewer and is the person asking the questions.


The job seeker is called the interviewee and is the person answering the questions.


Job interviews are usually in person or face-to face and are quite formal.


Sometimes, interviews can be done by phone or video conference.


To be more successful, job seekers can prepare for 
an interview by practising answers with specific examples of their skills and 
qualifications from their past experience.


Interviews are a great chance to explain your qualifications and 
transferable skills with examples or short stories. 
For example, many employers look for 
people who can show leadership skills or creativity in solving problems. 
You can prepare answers that show you have these skills 
by using examples from your past work experiences or education.


Remember, you're not memorizing answers but just preparing some short 
specific examples that you can use to answer common interview questions. 
For example, 
if an interviewer said tell me about the time that you solved a problem.


I would talk about how I created a document 
to help other teachers plan their schedules.


Here's another example question. 
If the interviewer says what did you learn from working at XYZ company?


I would answer by saying I learned many things about new software and 
computer programs to manage information in a busy office. 
By having a short prepared example, I would feel more confident in my answer.


I can always add more information in the interview and give more details. 
But at least I have something to say when an interviewer asks these questions.


Sometimes interview questions can be difficult to answer.


It is a good idea to ask for clarification or 
repetition if you don't understand the question. 
You will learn how to do this in a later video.


Before an interview, job seekers should prepare a list of questions 
that they want to ask the interviewer about the company or about the job itself.


By asking two or 
three questions, the candidate shows interest in the job and the company.


Some examples of possible questions to ask are one, 
what are the daily responsibilities of this job?


Two, what computer equipment or software does the company use? 
Finally, job-seekers should make a positive impression 
by looking professional. 
They do this by wearing professional clothes such a business suit or dress. 
You should be on time or early to the interview.


During the interview, keep eye contact with the interviewer. 
Give clear and honest answers, and bring extra copies of important documents like resumes or certifications. In summary, job-seekers should be prepared for job interviews with examples of theirs skills and qualifications to answer the questions.


Job seekers should also ask a couple of questions about the organization or the job duties.


And finally, job seekers should make a positive impression by 
presenting themselves professionally. 
Now go on to a reading, which tells you more information about job interviews.


Hi there, in this video we are going to discuss some typical interview questions.


We will discuss two types of these questions and 
finally look at a few questions you should ask in an interview.


In a typical interview, the interviewer, or interviewers as sometimes there may be 
more than one person, is there to find out if you are the right person for the job.


If you are in an interview or preparing for one, then congratulations. 
You have got this far because the employer is seriously considering you 
as a possible employee. 
However, you now need to show them that you really are the person for the job.


You can do this by answering the questions the interviewer asks you in an honest and 
detailed way.


Honest, because the interviewer wants to know if you are the same 
person you say you are in your resume and cover letter.


And detailed because you want to give enough information in your responses.


During an interview some questions will be direct, and some will be indirect. 
An example of a direct question is why are you a good fit for 
this job, or why do you want to work for this company. 
These questions should be pretty clear to understand and answer. 
Since both questions use why, you should give reasons in your answers. 
So you might say in your response, I believe I'm a good fit for 
this company because I have the necessary skills and 
experience to fit right in and help the company grow.


However, indirect questions are more difficult to recognize.


An example of an indirect question is, so tell me a little bit about yourself.


It's called an indirect question, because the question doesn't begin with a wh word, 
like what, where, when, why, who, and how, which direct questions often use.


However, it is still a question, and you need to 
listen carefully during the interview for these types of indirect questions.


Let's look at another example of an indirect question.


I wonder if you could tell me about a time when you faced a challenge and 
you overcame that challenge. 
Again, no wh word is used at the beginning of the question, but 
the interviewer uses the expression I wonder if you could tell me. 
The interviewer is asking you to share an example from your own life when you had a challenge or a problem, and explain how you solve that problem.


So when you hear this expression, you should recognize it as a question and be ready to answer it.


One final example of an indirect question is, 
I'd like to know what type of skills you have that make you qualified for this job.


The speaker uses the expression I'd like to know, which means can you tell me?


Finally, in a typical interview in the US, 
not only does the interviewer ask you questions but you will 
usually have an opportunity at the end of the interview to ask your own questions.


The interviewer might say, do you have any questions for me? 
Or do you have any questions of your own?


To make a good impression, it's really important that you have already prepared 
at least two questions before the interview and you ask these at this point.


The questions should be related to the job or organization in some way. 
So for example, you might ask, what opportunities are there for 
professional development in this company? 
Or what is the next step in the interview process?


So now we've discussed some common questions in job interviews. 
Next, we're going to look at some ways you can ask for 
clarification in an interview when you don't understand the question.


Thanks for watching.


Hi there, in this video we are going to discuss some typical interview questions.


We will discuss two types of these questions and 
finally look at a few questions you should ask in an interview.


In a typical interview, the interviewer, or interviewers as sometimes there may be more than one person, is there to find out if you are the right person for the job.