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Hello again, in this video we're going to look at two verb tenses. 
The present simple and the present continuous.


You will need these two tenses to talk about your job skills, and 
to prepare you for the job search process.


We will examine each of these tenses when we use them and practice their forms.


So, let's begin by looking at the present simple. 
We use the present simple to say if something happens all the time, or 
as a usual activity.


For example, I am an English language instructor. 
I teach English, I live in the United States, I work at a university.


You can see that I'm using the present simple, because I'm speaking about 
things that happen all the time for me in our usual activities. 
What about you, what do you do? 
Are you a student? 
Do you work? 
Where do you work?


You might answer I'm a student, or I work at a clothing store. 
Because these might be usual activities for you.


Let's look at another example. 
This is Marco, Marco is a student at a university. 
Two days a week, he also works at a doctor's office. 
He answers the phone, he writes emails. 
He speaks with patients. 
These are his usual activities.


Okay, so how do we form the present simple? 
Well, it's not called the present simple for no reason. 
It's actually pretty simple to form. 
You take the base form of the verb, and that's it. 
For example, I teach English. 
Teach is the base form of the verb to teach. 
The only exception here is the third person singular. 
That's he, she, Marco, the teacher, or it.


In this case, we add an -s or an -es to the end of the base verb. 
For example, Jane works in a hospital. 
She teaches medical students, she likes her job. 
Next, let's look at the present continuous, or 
as it sometimes called the present progressive.


This tense is used to speak about actions that are happening right now, or 
right about now. 
For example, right now I'm speaking to you about the present continuous tense, 
and you are learning how to use it correctly.


Notice in this sentence how I used the present continuous. 
I'm speaking and you are learning.


I'm using the present continuous, because this is something that I'm doing, and 
you are doing right now.


So, we use the present continuous to talk about an action 
that's happening right now.


Remember Marco? 
want to to see what he's doing right now? 
Well, Marco is checking the calendar, and making an appointment for a patient.


We form the present continuous by using the verb be in the present form. 
That's am, are, or is, and 
then adding the base verb + ing. 
For example, Marco is working in the doctor's office. 
He is typing an email. 
So to sum up, if we compare these two tenses, 
we can see that the present simple is used to speak about actions 
that are happening all the time, or usually in the present.


The present continuous is used to speak about actions happening right now. 
Now, why don't we look at an example where we use both of these tenses. 
Let's look at Marco again.


Remember, he works at a doctor's office. 
He is also a part time student.


What's he doing now? 
He's getting ready to leave the office for the day. 
He's shutting down his computer, he's turning off the lights, and 
he's locking the office door. 
Bye Marco, to sum up, in this video 
we've looked at two tenses the present simple, and the present continuous. 
We used both verb tenses to talk about job skills, and 
to prepare you for the job search process. 
We looked at each of the tenses forms and usage.


Now, let's do a game to practice this verb tenses some more.


Hi there, in this video, we're going to look at job descriptions.


We will find out where to look for them. 
And what are some of the important parts we should look for when reading them?


When you begin looking for a job, you're probably going to search for 
jobs in job advertisements. 
You will usually find these advertisements in newspapers and on Internet job sites.


So we will take a closer look at an example of this kind of advertisement and 
decide what you should look for when reading it.


When you begin your job search, you might first look for 
jobs in a local newspaper where you live.


In the United States, many newspapers are now online and 
you can find many jobs there.


There are also websites that focus only on jobs like in the US, Monster.com. 
Also, many larger companies have 
information on their websites about job openings, so 
you can go directly to the website of the company where you'd like to work.


You will probably start by looking in one, some or all of these places for a job.


It is normal to try and narrow your job search to the field or 
area where you want to work or where you have training. 
For example, school teacher, or office receptionist, or truck driver, or nurse.


This way, you can match yourself with jobs that you are more likely prepared for 
and, therefore, you will have a better chance at getting an interview.


So when searching through job advertisements, look for 
job titles related to your area of training, experience or interest. 
So now let's look at some of the parts of the job advertisement. 
Say I am interested in helping people and I am organized person.


I want to work in an office environment with other people.


I find this job advertisement for a client services coordinator, and 
I wonder, am I qualified to apply for it? 
Qualified means having the minimum requirements to do a job.


For example, in one job this might mean you need to have a university degree, 
in another job it might mean you have to have a license or 
a certification in a particular area like driving a truck or being a nurse.


How do you know what qualification are needed? 
Well the advertisement should clearly say this, 
it may say qualifications or requirements.


Let's look at this ad and see what qualifications are required. 
Can you see where the qualifications are? 
That's right, under the title Requirements there is a list of six things.


Number one is a qualification.


Number two is work experience.


Numbers three through six are skills, things that you are able to 
do like typing, good communication, and being organized.


The next question I should ask is, what duties or 
responsibilities will I have to perform in this job?


Duties and responsibilities are tasks that I do regularly in a job.


Can you see what these are in this job advertisement?


Let's take a look again and see.


In this job the responsibilities are listed in the opening paragraph. 
They include greeting clients, answering telephones, 
performing other clerical functions.


The word clerical means relating to working in an office.


If this job still seems like one I can do because I'm qualified, and 
I can perform the duties and responsibilities well, 
then what do I need to do to apply for the job?


Apply mean to put yourself forward formally for job.


Let's take one final look at a job advertisement and 
look for this information. 
Can you find it?


That's right, at the bottom it says, fax or e-mail your resume to Pablo Cavero. 
And it gives his fax number and e-mail address. 
So, if I want to apply for this position, 
I will send him my resume along with a cover letter. 
In units two and three we'll help you prepare these two important things.