The earth temperature varies from latitude.
British WWII warships fighting in the Pacific were used to correcting the deflection of missiles by wind to the right (as in the Northern Hemisphere) and during a Pacific battle forgot that this deflection happened toward the left due to the Coriolis effect., thus aiming incorrectly.
can Coriolis Effect also occur with the rivers or riverbank erosion?
it is interesting topic too
we must the structure of our earth
convection helps in the transfer of heat
what are the purpose of atmosphere in environmental impact as science concern?
We here learn alot about wind,air current,jet stream and convectional cells.
Las corrientes de viento son importantes en todo el planeta ya que ayudan a mantener regular el clima local en muchas regiones
Convecting air masses in the troposphere create air currents known as winds, due to horizontal differences in air pressure. Winds blow from a region of higher pressure to one of a lower pressure. Global air movement begins in the equatorial region because it receives more solar radiation. Solar radiation is the main energy source for atmospheric heating.
The atmosphere heats up when water vapor and other greenhouse gases in the troposphere absorb infrared radiation either directly from the sun or re-radiated from the earth's surface. Heat from the sun also evaporates ocean water and transfers heat to the atmosphere.
The earth's surface temperature varies with latitude. This is due to uneven heating of the earth's surface. The region near the equator receives direct sunlight, whereas sunlight strikes the higher latitudes at an angle and is scattered and spread out over a larger area.
The general _flow of air from the equator to the poles and back is disrupted by the rotation of the earth. The earth's surface travels faster beneath the atmosphere at the equator and slower at the poles. This causes air masses moving to the north to be deflected to the right, and air masses moving south to be deflected to the left. This is known as the "Coriolis Effect".
The result is the creation of six huge convection cells situated at different latitudes. Belts of prevailing surface winds form and distribute air and moisture over the earth.
Jet streams are extremely strong bands of winds that form in or near the tropopause due to large air pressure differentials. Wind speeds can reach as high as 200 kilometers per hour. In North America, there are two main jet streams:
the polar jet stream, which occurs between the westerlies and the polar easterlies, and
the subtropical jet stream, which occurs between the trade winds and the westerlies.