Business Management - Human resource management: induction, training and
Induction, training and development
Immediately prior to the employee starting the job, a period of
familiarisation and induction should take place. Management should have
in place an induction policy and procedures that are to be followed.
Management may appoint a mentor and the mentor will be responsible for
the orientation process.
Training and development follows induction. This training and
development will involve basic and induction training followed by advanced
skill training and cross and multi-skill training. In addition, personal
development training may take place designed to enhance personal
performance. The type of training undertaken may be self-paced learning or
competency based training with or without recognition of previous
competency (competency based training requires that the employee
reaches a prescribed standard before they are permitted to advance to the
nest stage in the training).
This training may be in-house or outsourced, and it may be on-the-job or
off-the-job training. This training will enable the individual employee to
enhance their performance (and in turn that of the organisation) and to
improve their job promotion prospects. The training will also, hopefully,
improve employee motivation and job satisfaction and decrease costs of
production by reducing the level of waste, reducing the number of lost time
incidents and the level of absenteeism.
A training needs analysis of the organisation will need to be undertaken
and a programme of training put into place in order to achieve
organisational objectives. The aim of any training programme should be to
minimise any performance gap and to lift the performance of the
organisation to the next level in an attempt to reach the benchmark. In
addition, the programme should be designed to enable individual employees
to achieve career path goals. An evaluation of the outcomes of the
training programme should be made to ensure that the goals and objectives of the organisation are being achieved.
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