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Module 1: Objectifs et structures de gestion

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P - planification

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XSIQ
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Business Management - P - planning

P - planning

P - planning - managers must perform the role of planning, at their
designated level (the strategic, tactical or operational level), everything
that the organisation must do to achieve its objectives. Managers must
develop the long-term, the mid-term and the short-term plans for the
organisation to achieve these objectives.

Managers will need to implement a problem-solving and decision-making
model to assist them in determining their strategic, tactical or
operational plans.

The steps that managers will need to consider include:

* establishing and understanding the objectives that are to be achieved
in either the long, mid or short-term

* gathering the necessary data to determine a reasoned and logical
solution to the most effective way to achieve these objectives. This
includes understanding all variables in the internal and external
environment and forecasting likely events or impacts on the organisation
during the designated time period

* analysing the data by performing a SWOT analysis. A SWOT analysis
involves the manager analysing the relative strengths and weaknesses of the
organisation together with the opportunities and threats offered or imposed
from outside the organisation

* determining a number of alternative plans of action and ranking these
alternatives according to some predetermined scale or priority listing

* selecting the preferred plan or course of action

* implementing the plan through the use of an action plan, which will
take the following into account:

* O - objectives - what is to be achieved through the plan - the goals
and objectives

* P - personnel - the personnel who will be responsible for implementing
the plan

* S - strategies - the strategies or methods to be adopted by the
personnel

* T - tasks - the tasks that will need to be performed by the personnel
and the delegation of tasks to specific personnel

* T - timeline - the timeline over which the plan is to be implemented

* E - evaluation - the evaluation process which will be adopted to assess
whether the plan has been effectively implemented

* E - evaluating - the extent to which the plan has been effectively
implemented. Managers will need to determine the KPIs to be used in the
evaluation process and what method will be adopted to collect the required
data

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