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Module 1: Gestion des organisations de grande envergure

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Environnements d'entreprise

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XSIQ
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Business Management - Business environments

Business environments

Business environments

Large-scale organisations do not operate within a vacuum, they operate
within constantly changing commercial and non-commercial environments.
These organisations are not static, they are dynamic organisations
operating within an open (as opposed to a closed) system. It is important
for managers within these organisations to understand the environment
within which they operate so that they can be proactive [1] about any
likely impacts that the environment may have on the organisation. In this
way managers can make any necessary changes to ensure the continued success
of the organisation and the attainment of its goals and objectives.

Large-scale organisations operate within essentially two broad
environments - the internal environment and the external environment. The
external environment may be further divided into the task environment and
the general environment.

There are three major sectors or contributors to the internal environment
which may impact on the organisation - and the of the organisations.

Management obviously has a significant impact on the way that the
organisation operates and functions, through the management functions
already discussed. The employees may impact on the organisation through the
tasks that they perform and the way that they execute those tasks. The
culture of the organisation is a significant impactor as it incorporates
'the way that things are done within the organisation'. The culture of the
organisation includes the 'system of shared values' inherent within the
organisation, i.e. what people both within and outside the organisation
believe the organisation stands for and how it operates, e.g. the quality
of its service and the level of the organisation's employee relations. If
the culture was to alter then the operations of the organisation would
change as well. It is worth noting that the organisation has a fair degree
of control over these sectors and the impact that they have on the
organisation.

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