Business Management - Distinguishing large-scale organisations
Distinguishing large-scale organisations
There are many ways that large-scale organisations can be classified and a
variety of forms which they may take. The main way of distinguishing
between large-scale organisations is by the ownership of the entity and its
principal form of operation. Hence, we are able to distinguish between
government (public sector) and non-government (private sector)
organisations or, put in another way, between publically owned and
privately owned organisations. By 'publically owned' we mean that the
community as a whole owns the organisation and that it is operated on their
behalf by the government. Public sector or government organisations may in
turn be categorised into three distinct forms - general government
entities, providing non-market goods and services (e.g. roads, hospitals
and the like), public trading enterprises, providing market goods and
services which meet their community service obligation and finally, public
financial enterprises providing financial services e.g. government, banks
and insurance offices.
Next, we can distinguish between those large-scale organisations which
have as their primary or core objective, the 'profit motive', and those
which are nonprofit oriented. Also, we can distinguish between large-scale
organisations according to the industry to which they belong - primary,
secondary or tertiary, or as to whether their core function is
manufacturing or service provision.
We could also distinguish between organisations according to their legal
status and the extent of their legal liability (e.g. sole trader,
partnership, company, statutory authority, government department, and those
large-scale organisations which have limited and those which have unlimited
liability), and their size in terms of the number of employees, production
levels and turnover.
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