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Leadership Models and Insights - Lesson Summary

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The Essentials of Leadership for Career Development Summary -
The key points from this module are:

The Essentials of Leadership for Career Development Lesson Summary
Why we need leaders – We have many people in this world but are lacking great leaders.
Leaders are the missing pieces that inspire people to:
• Dream and Innovate
• Maintain peace and harmony
• Allow businesses to grow and expand
Leaders are the backbone of not just businesses, but families and communities as well.
Success – A successful mindset comes first. You have to crave success and have the desire to be better today than you were yesterday. Highly successful people did what no one else wanted to do. They worked while others played, they grinded while others slept. They set goals, reach them, and then set bigger goals.
How to become successful – There are so many ways to become successful.
Short term success: This may mean accomplishing your goals, overcoming your obstacles, and getting up when knocked down.
Long term success: This may be you having the freedom to live your life the way you want and not having the fears of losing a job or financial issues.
The six challenges for achieving success:
Challenge 1 Start prioritizing tasks you would normally procrastinate.
Challenge 2 Write down your goals and affirm them daily.
Challenge 3 Start a routine and stick to it.
Challenge 4 Do not rest until things are done and work is completed.
Challenge 5 Start studying people who have already reached your goals.
Challenge 6 Take everything you’ve learnt and focus all your effort into it.
The point of leadership – The Ideal leadership allows for five things:
• High moral
• Motivation
• Guidance
• Problem-solving
• Personal/professional growth
The 7 steps of the process of leadership (being a leader)
Anticipation Is to allow you to build a defence and have plans ready to be put in action.
Challenge the present Means that if there is something in place that is not working, challenge it.
Gather information Means that the more relevant the info, the faster and efficient you will complete the task.
Decision As a leader, you have the final say, but the decision for the most part should include everyone.
Initiate Means to harness the strengths and weaknesses of everyone and use it to create efficiency
Finalize Means that there is nothing else to do for everyone. You can officially say the task is completed.
Reflect Is to perform an after action review of the 3 sustainment and 3 things to improve about a project.

After Action Review (AAR) – A personal AAR is the most effective way to develop yourself as a leader. It involves listing 3 sustainments and 3 things to be improved about the current task, and this is done after every event.
The smooth operating machine – Every great leader focuses on three things to get this up and running:
1. Teach your people the rules
2. Build competency
3. Fine tune
Key principles of leading – Leadership is almost like a puzzle. You have to find the right pieces and figure out where they go in order to create the big picture. The pieces to the puzzle are:
• Effective communication
• How to develop others
• Valuing diversity
• Building rapport and managing teams
The essential four (4) – This refers to the four traits for being a successful leader:
• Integrity
• Sympathy
• Selflessness
• Inspiring
The DISC model – Dr. William Marston established the foundation for this model. The model is meant to serve as a non-judgmental tool, helping to understand someone’s personality and to learn how to better approach them. The traits of the DISC model are:
• Dominant
• Inspiring
• Supportive
• Cautious
Time management – The key concepts for managing your time:
1. Prirotize your tasks
2. Minimize interruptions during the day
3. Do not multitask
4. Learn to say no
The big six (types of leadership)
Authoritarian leaders They crave full and absolute control over their team, and usually make all the decisions.
Participative leaders, They share the decision-making process equally among the team members.
Paternalistic leaders, They want everyone’s best interest and care for people in a personal level.
Delegative leaders, They only provide the team with the tools and resources to accomplish the task.
Transactional leaders, They operate by the mantra “You give me something, and I’ll give you something in return.”
Transformational leaders, They focus on the big picture of the firm while motivating and inspiring the team.

Building rapport – Relationships are built on respect and close connections; trust is built by reputation and reliability, and rapport is built from the combination of relationships and trusts.
As such, respect, close connection, good reputation and being reliable are the framework required to build rapport.
The AIDA (Attention, Interest, Desire, and Action) model – Because a lot of persuasion can take place over written communication, it is important there is a framework. The AIDA model is a system aimed towards persuasion.
Albrecht’s four types of stress:
• Time stress
• Anticipatory stress
• Encounter stress
• Situational stress
The PACE (Primary, Alternate, Contingency and Emergency) plan – Is a system for helping people with their thought process (for everything that is important).
Top Stressors in America:
• Job pressure
• Money
• Health
• Relationships
• Media overload
• Sleep deprivations
Introduction to project management
Although the scope can vary greatly, every project has the same principles and each leader has the same steps to follow:
1. Get answers from stakeholders
2. Ensure everyone is on the same page
3. Have the ability to balance supply and demand
4. Identify and manage risks
5. Make decisions, budget, master time management
6. Oversee the project and close out
The project management process phases include:
• Initiating
• Planning
• Execution
• Monitoring
• Controlling
• Closing
The main parts of creating a project schedule:
1. Creating a work breakdown schedule
2. Putting tasks in order
3. Assigning roles
4. Estimating completion times
5. Creating milestones
6. Implementing communication plans
7. Budgeting costs
The PERT formula is given as:
Estimated time = (the shortest time + 4 x most likely time + the longest time)/6