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The Science of Language - Lesson Summary

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The key points from this module are:

A Theory is an explanation for a set of observations.

A Hypothesis is a prediction derived from a theory.

The Falsifiabiltiy criterion proposes that theories must make predictions that can be disconfirmed by data.


An Induction is a specific example to a general statement or an observation to theory.

A Deduction is a general statement to specific examples or theory to a hypothesis.

Methods of Science include:

Naturalistic observation: This is a process of observing and describing a phenomenon.

Correlation: This is a mathematical technique that seeks patterns in data.

Experimental method: This is a means of systematically testing a hypothesis in a controlled situation.

Psycholinguistics is the scientific study of cognitive processes involved in comprehending and producing language.

Nonwords are pronounceable letter strings that are not actual words in the English language.

Functional areas of the Cerebral Cortex are:

Occipital Lobe: Located at the back of the head and processes visual input
Temporal Lobe: Located at the side of the head and processes auditory input and object recognition.
Parietal Lobe: Located at the top of the head and is responsible for body positioning and navigation.
Frontal Lobe: Located at the front of the head and is responsible for motor movement, planning and decision making.