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Module 1: Skintone and Foundation

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Here are the steps that you will use to apply foundation. Remember that the goal of using foundation, is to create a smooth looking surface and provide an even-looking skin tone: 1. Clean the area before starting the process; 2. Apply a moisturizer, sunblock, and primer; 3. Pour a drop of foundation into your palm and use the triangle sponge or brush and touch it to the foundation; 4. Spread the foundation all over the face. Try to spread it evenly and don’t forget the lips and eyelids; 5. Blend it in well; 6. Fade it into your neck by applying a layer to your jawline and pulling it down. Once you have followed these steps, it may be time to add a concealer. It is important to make sure that you cover any blemishes or dark circles around the eyes. The concealer will be used to lighten the dark circles, or you can use a light-reflecting pencil. Make sure to use only your fingertip, to apply the concealer to the top of the blemish. If you apply too much, it can make the blemish easier to see. Blend the concealer in well. Use some loose powder to complete the base. The following are the products that you will use, along with the foundation, to create a base: Primers create a smoother looking and feeling surface. They are a barrier between the foundation and the skin. There are even some that contain an ingredient that will reflect the light. Primer is added after the moisturizer has had time to absorb into the skin. It is used to create a clean canvas for your makeup masterpiece. Think of the primer that is used to prepare a wall for a paint job. It is used prior to painting the walls, to create a smooth canvas for your painting. The primers for your face are very similar and are used in the same fashion. The primer will fill in those tiny lines and create a smooth surface. It also makes the pores disappear, creates a matte look, and creates a silky-looking skin. Many makeup therapists use this on their clients that are over thirty, because it creates a much younger-looking face. Use a primer that has an SPF of fifteen to twenty and you will be saving your clients face from sun damage. If your primer does not contain SPF, a sunscreen should be used under the primer. This is especially important for clients who will be outdoors, for example, if they are on an outdoor photo shoot. There is a line of primers that are used to even out skin tone. There are green primers that work to eliminate the redness in the face. This is great for those sunny days when your client has gotten themselves burnt in the sunshine. However, there are many people who just have redder skin and this will create an even tone to start off with. If the client experiences discoloration in their face, an apricot coloured primer is key. If your client is experiencing dull or lifeless skin, a lavender primer can be used to brighten it up. Concealers serve several purposes. The first is to cover up the dark circles under the eyes. This area of the body is the thinnest and therefore is usually darker than other areas of the body and face. A concealer can be used to lighten up this area. It also works great to cover up any blemishes or redness in the skin. It should be used after the foundation has been applied. That is mostly because the need for a concealer is lessened if you apply a good base. The least amount of makeup is the best, so if you can avoid using a primer, foundation, and then a concealer, that is better. Plus, it allows you to use less of the concealer because some of the areas are covered with the foundation. It is good for keeping supply costs down. If you choose a good concealer, it won’t dry out the skin and can cover very well. Silicone concealers glide along the skin and are an excellent choice. When applying a concealer on someone with fair skin, you will want to use a warmer peach toned concealer. For skin tones that are deeper, you will need to use an orange to yellow undertone. Put the concealer in the palm of your hand and then rub your fingers round and round a bit, to warm it up. It will blend in with the skin faster and better.