In this module, you will be introduced to some hand tools and their uses. Keep in mind that this material is introductory in nature.
A level is a device used to measure true horizontal or relative heights, frequently used in surveying and construction.
There are different types of levels for different uses:
• Line Level
• Water level
• Builder’s level
• Transit level
• Laser level
A square is a tool used for multiple purposes. It is used to measure lengths or angles, determine squareness or flatness, rough leveling, and scribing work surfaces.
Squares are made from steel, aluminum, and plastic and are available in both standard and metric measurements.
• Combination square
• Try square
• Miter square
• Sliding T-bevel
• Framing square
Planes are used to remove excess wood from surfaces. A sharp steel blade protrudes from the flat bottom edge of the plane. On most planes, the depth of the cut can be adjusted by raising or lowering the blade. It is extremely important that the blade be kept sharp.
• Block plane – A block plane is used to plane small pieces, edges, and joint surfaces when a small amount of change is needed.
• Jack plane – A jack plane is a type of bench plane used to plane rough work.
• Smoothing plane – A smoothing plane is another type of bench plane, used to plane small work to a smooth, even surface without removing too much material.
• Jointer plane – A jointer plane is used to plane and true long boards such as the edges of doors.
A clamp is a device used to hold an object in a fixed position. There are several other types of clamps. Some of the most commonly used clamps are:
• Hand-screw clamp
• Locking C-clamp
• Spring clamp
• Quick clamp
• Web (strap) clamp
• Pipe clamp
A saw is tool used for cutting wood. Two principal types of saws are crosscut saw and rip saw. These variations are recognizable by their teeth.
Note: Keep your saws sharpened and properly protected when not in use.
Some of the saws used by a carpenter are listed below:
• Backsaw (miter saw)
• Dovetail saw
• Compass (keyhole) saw
• Coping saw