what is local climate?
how does hydroelectricity affect the environment
Green energy but its impact to the forests.
This can benefit communities in many ways providing them with reliable energy but should be guided against environmental impacts like flooding or drop in water temperature of the dam that can kill plants and water animals.
What is Eutrophication?
How do hydroelectric schemes work?
Large-scale dams can have a significant impact on the regional environment with effects such as:
population dispersal, and
local climate change.
When the river is initially dammed, farmlands are sometimes flooded and entire populations of people and wildlife are displaced by the rising waters behind the dam.
In some cases, the reservoir can flood hundreds or thousands of square kilometers.
The decreased flow downstream from the dam can also negatively impact human and wildlife populations living downstream.
In addition, the dam can act as a barrier to fish that must travel upstream to spawn.
Aquatic organisms are frequently caught and killed in the penstock and the out-take pipes.
Because of the large surface area of the reservoir, the local climate can change due to the large amount of evaporation occurring.