One of the most dangerous features of modern agriculture is that it is based on monoculture, the opposite of biodiversity. As a result, predation converges on one plant, and it becomes necessary to spray chemicals to protect the crop from pests and insects.
here we discuss different types of agriculture
El vocablo agricultura hace referencia al conjunto de prácticas y conocimientos orientados al cultivo del suelo. Es decir, consiste en una serie de procedimientos realizados en el medio ambiente a fin de lograr la aptitud del mismo en relación con el desarrollo de la siembra.
Hemos visto acá los tipos de agricultura.
Commercial farming is playing a huge role in the world today. Promotion of small scale farming can also make a difference in fighting poverty and promotion of food security.
What is traditional farming?
Most land in Developing countries is underused or worse still misused.
There are two types of food production:
traditional agriculture and
Traditional agriculture can be classified further as either traditional subsistence or traditional intensive agriculture.
Traditional agriculture is the most widely practiced form of food production, occurring mostly in developing countries. It can be classified further as either traditional subsistence agriculture or traditional intensive agriculture. The differences between the two involve the relative amounts of resources input and food produced.
Traditional subsistence agriculture uses only human and animal labor and only produces enough food for the farmer's family.
Traditional intensive agriculture utilizes more human and animal labor, fertilizers and irrigated water. It may also involve growing methods such as inter-cropping designed to maintain soil fertility.
Inter-cropping involves planting two crops simultaneously (e.g., a nitrogen-_fixing legume crop with a grain crop). The increased production resulting from the more intensive methods provides enough food for the farmer's family and for selling to others in the local area.
Industrialized agriculture is known as high input agriculture because it utilizes large amounts commercial fertilizers, pesticides, water and fossil fuels. Large fields of single crops (monoculture) are planted, and the plants are selectively bred to produce high yields. The large amounts of grain produced by this method also foster the production of large numbers of livestock animals in feedlots.
Most of the food produced by industrialized methods is sold by farmers for income. This type of food production is most common in developed countries because of the technology and high expenses involved. However, large industrialized plantations specializing in a single cash crop (e.g. a crop specifically raised for income such as bananas, cocoa, coffee) are found in some developing countries.
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