thanks good lesson.
How did USA manage to have the highest standard of living?
what are the factors involving women that influence the family size
que buena lección. muy clara y especifica.
What is important is investing in human population through good education not forgetting excellent health care services.
What is human development index?
Many economic and cultural influences affect family size. Depending upon the prevailing cultural values and economic forces, a nation's people can be induced to have larger or smaller families.
Although human population dynamics are often considered on a global scale, factors that affect population growth vary in different parts of the world. Therefore, it is essential to understand the different forces acting on people throughout the world.
Some of the factors influencing family size - and therefore population growth - are economic ones. These factors are probably the most easily understood. For instance, a rural agricultural family in a developing country that relies upon a plow pulled by a water buffalo needs many family members to take care of the planting, harvesting and marketing of crops. A family of three would not provide enough labor to sustain the family business.
In contrast, families in developed countries tend to be small for economic reasons. It is expensive to raise children at the relatively high standard of living found in such countries. Considerable resources must be devoted to food, clothes, transportation, entertainment and schooling. A large proportion of children from developed countries attend college, thus adding even more to the expense. Therefore, it is economically prudent in such countries for families to have few children.
Additional economic factors - such as the cost of medical care and retirement care - also play a role in family size. If a family is unable to afford adequate medical care, then family planning services and birth control materials may not be attainable. Also, when mortality rates for children are high and significant numbers of children do not live to adulthood, there is a strong motivation to have as many children as possible.
Around the globe, cultural factors influence family size and as a result, affect population growth rate.
From a cultural standpoint, religion can have a profound effect on family planning. Many religions promote large families as a way to further the religion or to glorify a higher power.
For example, Roman Catholicism promotes large families for the same reason, and forbids the use of any "artificial" means of birth control. Devout followers of a religion with such values often have large families even in the face of other factors, such as economic ones. This can be seen in countries like Brazil (Catholicism) which have high percentages of religious followers in its population.
Various factors involving women can also affect family sizes. These factors include:
• education and employment opportunities available to women,
• the marriage age of women and
• the societal acceptance of birth control methods.
These factors are sometimes strongly influenced by society's cultural attitudes towards women.
Around the world, statistics indicate that with higher levels of education, women are more likely to be employed outside the home and this would reduce overall population growth and improve standards of living.
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