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Module 1: Hidratos de carbono

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XSIQ
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Chemistry - Photosynthesis

Photosynthesis

During photosynthesis, [1] consistent with other endothermic reactions,
[2] low-energy reactants (CO2, H2O) are converted into high-energy
products, particularly the carbohydrate glucose, C6H12O6.

Glucose molecules in plants are converted into the two most common complex
carbohydrates, and via the process of condensation polymerisation,
represented by the general equation

Most plants contain 60-95 per cent carbohydrate on a dry mass basis.
Plants convert some of the carbohydrate into vegetable oils (fats) and
vegetable proteins.

So directly or indirectly, all the organic food of plants and animals
depends on

Carbohydrates may be classified as monosaccharides, [3] disaccharides [4]
or polysaccharides, [5] according to the number of simple sugar
(saccharide) units present.

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