Psychology -> References
• use the Harvard system of referencing
• mainly needed in the introduction and discussion sections
• don't leave referencing till the last moment, as you will be creating work for yourself by having to find the details of books that you can no longer access - take down the details of every source you use as you are researching
• keep the following steps close beside you as you are writing the report so you can constantly check your referencing
Referencing within the body of a research report
Any direct quote from a text or paraphrasing of information in the body of the report must be acknowledged with a reference.
1 For a direct quote from a book or article, you need to indicate which sentence you are quoting by using quotation marks, i.e. "????"
2 Immediately after closing the quotation marks, you need to provide the author(s), year of publication and page number within brackets. For example, (Plotnik, 1989, p. 212).
3 If you are paraphrasing information, do not use quotation marks but simply include the author, year and page number within brackets after the particular paragraph.
4 If the information is from an Internet web site, you need to provide the author or name of the organisation, date and the internet address within brackets. The date is not necessarily the original date of publication, but may be the date when it was added to the database. If you cannot locate any date on the site, include the date which you accessed it. For example, (illusionworks, 1995, June 29, http://www.illusionworks.com).
5 For a CD-ROM, provide the author (if it has one), the title of the CD-ROM, and the year of publication within brackets. For example, (Microsoft Encarta 96 Encyclopedia, 1993-1995).