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Module 1: Herramientas de evaluación

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The key points from this module are:
Social Capital is basically defined as the institutions and relationships as well as the trust, norms, and values that govern interactions among people and contribute to economic and social development. It can be used to measure individual’s and group’s opportunities and constraints by focusing on the social assets and networks that determine the access to resources. There are broadly two types of social capital. You have a network perspective, to understand the types of social capital and the social structure perspective. When we are referring to bonding, it usually refers to social ties between individuals within the same social group or with others who are primarily like them. When we talk about bridging, we are talking about social ties that link people together with others across a cleavage that typically divide society like race or class or religion. With respect to the social structure perspective, there are three important features - Structural, cognitive, and relational. Social capital cannot usually be measured directly but it can be inferred from its determinants or manifestations. Measurement of social capital basically depends on the level of analysis and also on the interests of the researchers whether they are interested in the source, form, or consequences of social capital.