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Module 1: Indicadores de desarrollo

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The key points from this module are:
A rights-based approach to development is a conceptual framework for the process of human development that is normatively based on international human rights standards and operationally directed to promoting and protecting human rights. A rights-based approach integrates the norms, standards, and principles of the international human rights system into the plans, policies, and processes of development.

The rights-based approach would also mean that one has the courage to build local, national, and global movements that argue for specific duties to be met by governments, corporations, and individuals that will enable all people to enjoy their rights.

Socio-economic development is regarded as part of the human rights agenda dating back to the time the Universal Declaration of Human Rights from 1948.

Rights-based approaches have been taken up by several organizations such as CARE, Save the Children, and UNICEF.

Poverty is a complex phenomenon which is influenced by a large number of factors and can be studied from many different perspectives.
You have subjective and objective poverty, absolute and relative poverty.

Objective poverty uses information collected via variables and whose measurement comes from a researcher’s direct observation
Absolute poverty is defined as a situation in which the individual’s basic needs are not covered.

Relative poverty is when a person is considered poor when they are in a disadvantaged situation either financially or socially with regards to other people in their environment.

Subjective poverty is the perception that the individual or households themselves have of their situation.
The UN system has promoted gender issues through global summits in gender policies, gender training materials, etc. There has been a significant contribution from various gender analysts and feminist researchers.

In a gender-disaggregated analysis, more women than men were found to be living in an impoverished stage. And therefore, there came a concept which was referred to as feminization of poverty.
The gender discourse has transitioned from WID to GAD. And it is in this context that you see various world conferences on women.

The mainstreaming strategy aimed to situate gender equality issues at the centre of broad policy decisions, institutional structures, and resource allocations to development goals and processes.